alexa Abstract | Giant Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor with Double Bowel Obstruction: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges-Case Report

Cancer Surgery
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Case Report Open Access

Abstract

Background: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the digestive tract with expression of phenotype KIT/CD117 and CD34+. The stomach and small intestine are the favored sites of occurrence. The most common complication is a gastrointestinal bleeding, bowel obstruction being rare and often associated with very large tumors. Case report: We describe a 62-years-old woman presented with symptoms of abdominal pain, increased volume of the abdomen. Clinical examination revealed mild abdominal distension and a large epigastric mass. Abdominal CT scan revealed a large abdominal mass presenting mixed structure. Intraoperative findings showed a large cystic mass with solid area of 30/20 cm invading the jejunum and the transverse colon. We performed an en-block resection of the mass with a segmental resection of the transverse colon and jejunum followed by manual end-toend anastomosis. Histo-pathological examination revealed a large gastrointestinal stromal tumor invading the jejunum and the colon. Conclusion: Jejunal and colonic gastrointestinal stromal tumors are not common and can present as bowel obstruction. The surgical management of a giant GIST can be a particularly complex challenge. It is imperative to avoid rupture of the tumor capsule as it is associated to poor outcomes. Tumor size is one of the main prognosis factors.

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Author(s): Gnangnon Freddy Houehanou Rodrigue, Imorou Souaibou Yacoubou, et al.

Keywords

Giant tumor, Colon, Jejunum, GIST, Bowel obstruction, Colon

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