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Review Article Open Access
Cardiac rehabilitation has established efficacy in reducing mortality in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. While the optimization of exercise modality and quantity for each patient is still an area of development, the purpose of this clinical review is to look at some of the latest research of such exercise modalities and quantities. We searched for randomized controlled trials and meta-analysis that would compare methods of physical rehabilitation in coronary artery disease patients. The research was critically appraised. We found that interval training is a new method of cardiac rehabilitation exercise that has thus far proven to be safe and efficient in low-risk coronary artery disease patients. Resistance training alone may be an alternative to the traditional combination of aerobic training and resistance training. Resistance training can begin to take a more prominent role in cardiac rehabilitation exercises. Interval training can be used in cardiac rehabilitation of low-risk CAD patients. More research is still needed to refine the optimal dosages and compare modalities of exercise and their mortality benefits.
Coronary artery disease, Exercise, Modality, Aerobics and Fitness