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Saudi Arabia is a desert country encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian (Arabian) Gulf coastlines. Known as the birthplace of Islam, it’s home to the religion’s 2 most sacred mosques: Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, destination of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, and Medina’s Masjid an-Nabawi, burial site of the prophet Muhammad. Riyadh, the capital, is a skyscraper-filled metropolis.
Saudi Arabia occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula, with the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba to the west and the Persian Gulf to the east. Neighboring countries are Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, the Sultanate of Oman, Yemen, and Bahrain, connected to the Saudi mainland by a causeway. Saudi Arabia contains the world's largest continuous sand desert, the Rub Al-Khali, or Empty Quarter. Its oil region lies primarily in the eastern province along the Persian Gulf.
Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. It possesses about 16% of the world's proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 80% of budget revenues, 45% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. Saudi Arabia is encouraging the growth of the private sector in order to diversify its economy and to employ more Saudi nationals. Its research and development activities focus on applying our expertise and ingenuity to generate innovative ideas that will make our resources more accessible, useful, sustainable, and competitive. To achieve this goal, we foster a culture of innovation and exploration.
The R&D discourse, for Saudi Arabia in particular, and the developing world in general, inevitably follows the same path found in list of Surgery journals Saudi Arabia. The discourse commences with a brief introduction on what is R&D, then certain statistics are cited to demonstrate how little we are spending on R&D compared to others, and concludes by enumerating examples of successful R&D initiatives and/or bodies according to Saudi Arabia Surgery journals list. The discourse hereon shall vary only in the latter part, where no enumeration of how others have done it or are doing it, but attempts to look at the issue from a Saudi point of view, if ever one can talk of Saudi R&D seen in Surgery journals Saudi Arabia. Certainly the 18 Nobel laureates discussed at length how to approach this subject and whom to address with their concerns for Badawi’s health and life in list of Surgery journals. They chose the French president of the now five-year old KAUST university, the civil engineer Jean-Lou Chameau. The laureates write that “the fabric of international cooperation may be torn apart” over this issue. They continue, “We are confident that influential voices in KAUST will be heard arguing for the freedom of dissent.” The Saudi government wants KAUST to become an important international research hub, so these practically unveiled threats to withdraw cooperation might indeed touch a sore spot written in Surgery journals.