Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. According to the World Factbook, 70-75 percent of the population are ethnic Turks, while the Kurds are the largest minority at 18%. The vast majority of the population is Sunni Muslim, with Alevis making up the largest religious minority. Turkey is a member of the UN, NATO, OECD, OSCE, OIC and the G-20. After becoming one of the first members of the Council of Europe in 1949, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995 and started full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005.
Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country. Asian Turkey, which includes 97 percent of the country, is separated from European Turkey by the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. European Turkey comprises 3 percent of the country. The territory of Turkey is more than 1,600 kilometres (990 miles) long and 800 kilometres (500 miles) wide, with a roughly rectangular shape. It lies between latitudes 35° and 43° N, and longitudes 25° and 45° E. Turkey's land area, including lakes, occupies 783,562 square kilometres (302,535 square miles) of which 755,688 square kilometres (291,773 square miles) are in Southwest Asia and 23,764 square kilometres (9,175 square miles) in Europe. Turkey is the world's 37th-largest country in terms of area. The country is encircled by seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean to the south. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara in the northwest.
TÜBTAK is the leading agency for developing science, technology and innovation policies in Turkey. TÜBA is an autonomous scholarly society acting to promote scientific activities in Turkey. Turkish government companies for research and development in military technologies include Turkish Aerospace Industries, Aselsan, Havelsan, Roketsan, MKE, among others. Turkish Satellite Assembly, Integration and Test Center are a spacecraft production and testing facility owned by the Ministry of National Defense and operated by the Turkish Aerospace Industries.
Veterinary science is the branch of science that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals. Turkey is developing the research field in veterinary science day by day. The government is providing huge grants to do research work in the area of Veterinary science: list of Veterinary science journals Turkey, the researches and scholars are publishing their work in the Turkey Veterinary science journals list. People are benefited by the article published in Veterinary science journals Turkey; the researchers are finding solutions in list of Veterinary science journals. The scientist and researchers are providing the reference of Veterinary science journals.