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Australia is a nation including the terrain of the Australian mainland, the island of Tasmania, and various littler islands. It is the world's 6th biggest nation by aggregate territory. Neighboring nations incorporate Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor toward the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu toward the north-east; and New Zealand toward the south-east. Australia is one of the wealthiest countries on the planet, with the world's twelfth biggest economy. Its military consumption is the world's thirteenth biggest. With the second-most astounding human advancement record all around, Australia positions very in numerous universal examinations of national execution, for example, personal satisfaction, wellbeing, instruction, financial opportunity, and the security of common freedoms and political rights.
Australia's landmass is 7,617,930 square kilometers (2,941,300 sq mi) on the Indo-Australian Plate. It is encompassed by the Indian and Pacific seas. It is the world's littlest mainland and 6th biggest nation by aggregate region. This elite monetary zone does exclude the Australian Antarctic Territory. Aside from Macquarie Island, Australia lies between scopes 9° and 44°S, and longitudes 112° and 154°E. The atmosphere of Australia is essentially affected by sea streams, including the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Nino–Southern Oscillation, which is connected with occasional dry season, and the regular tropical low-weight framework that produces violent winds in northern Australia.
Australia is a wealthy country; it generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking, medical and manufacturing. It has a market economy, a relatively high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. Australia has a balance of payments that is more than 7% of GDP negative, and has had persistently large current account deficits for more than 50 years. It has grown at an average annual rate of 3.6% for over 15 years, in comparison to the OECD annual average of 2.5% and it was the only advanced economy not to experience a recession due to the global financial downturn in 2008–2009. Australia is the world's fourth largest exporter of wine.
Altogether, this island country delivered 13 Nobel laureates as such. Australia has the most noteworthy rates of skin malignancy on the planet, while cigarette smoking is the biggest preventable reason for death and illness, in charge of 7.8% of the aggregate mortality and malady. Australian Medical Council is the biggest medicinal establishment of Australia. Positioned second in preventable causes is hypertension at 7.6%, with corpulence third at 7.5%. Australia is one of the leading medical journal publishing countries in the world. Australia is one of the main therapeutic diary distributed nations on the planet. The top Dental Universities in Australia are University of Adelaide, University of Queensland and La Trobe University.