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Argentina is a federal republic placed in southeastern South America. The call "Argentina" is derived from Latin argentum "silver", Plata in Spanish. It is the second-largest country in Latin America and eighth-largest country in the world. Argentina is the third-largest economy in Latin America and second largest in South America. Argentina is bordered by using Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast; Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south.
Argentina is a mega diverse country hosting one of the greatest ecosystem varieties in the world. The surface area of Argentina is 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,518 sq mi). Argentina claims sovereignty over a part of Antarctica. Argentina is divided into seven geographical regions. Argentina has exceptional climate diversity. Some of the major rivers are the Paraná, Uruguay which join to form the Río de la Plata, Paraguay, Salado, Negro, Santa Cruz, Pilcomayo, Bermejo and Colorado. Argentina's highest point is Aconcagua in the Mendoza province.
Argentina is one of the biggest economies in Latin America with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of more than US$ 540 billion. Argentina's economic performance has historically been very uneven, in which high economic growth alternated with severe recessions, particularly during the late twentieth century, and income maldistribution and poverty increased. Argentina enjoys adapted account sector, which includes well-developed social, corporate, financial, insurance, absolute estate, transport, advice services, and tourism.
Diabetes is an expensive disease in Argentina, and its prevalence is continuously rising affecting the quality of life of people with the disease and their life expectancy. It also imposes a heavy burden to the national health care budget and on the economy in the form of productivity losses. In Argentina diabetes prevalence increased from 8.4% in 2005 to 9.6% 2009 at national level. In 2009, Diabetes Statistics was the seventh leading cause of death with a mortality rate of 19.2 per 100,000 inhabitants, and it accounted for 1,328,802. The per capita hospitalization cost for people with diabetes was significantly higher than for people without the disease, US$ 1,628 vs. US$ 833 in 2004.