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Canada is situated in the northern part of North America. Canada is world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. It is bordered by Denmark (Greenland), the United States of America both to the south and to the west (Alaska). It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.
Canada has world’s longest coastline with a total length of 243,042 kilometers. Canada is geologically active which is vulnerable to frequent earthquakes and active volcanic eruption. By area with a landmass of 9.98 million square kilometers stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Arctic Ocean, which lies on the north. Canada has consisted of eight distinct forest regions, including extensive boreal forest on the Canadian Shield.
Canada is the world's eleventh-biggest economy with an ostensible GDP of around US$1.79 trillion. Canada it is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. Canada having the 11th or 15th-largest (PPP) economy in the world, it is one of the world's wealthiest nations, and it is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Group of Seven (G7).
Diabetes complications are associated with premature death. It is estimated that one of ten deaths in Canadian adults was attributable to diabetes in 2008/09. People with diabetes are over three times more likely to be hospitalized with cardiovascular disease, 12 times more likely to be hospitalized with end-stage renal disease and over 20 times more likely to be hospitalized for a non-traumatic lower limb amputation compared to the general population. Thirty per cent of people with diabetes have clinically relevant depressive symptoms; individuals with depression have an approximately 60% increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.