India is a vast South Asian country with diverse topography – from Himalayan Mountains to Indian Ocean seashore – and olden times reaching back 5 millennia. In the north, Mughal Empire landmarks include Delhi’s Red Fort complex, massive Jama Masjid mosque and Agra’s iconic Taj Mahal mausoleum. Pilgrims bathe in the Ganges in Varanasi, and Rishikesh is a yoga center and base for Himalayan trekking.
India is the seventh largest country in the world in terms of area which makes it an obvious place to have vast geographical features. It lies on the Indian Plate, a northern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate. The Indian subcontinent is surrounded by three different water bodies and is easily recognizable on the world map. The country covers an area of about 3.28 million sq. km. The mainland of India extends between 8°4' and 37°6' N latitude and 68°7' and 97°25' E longitude.
India is a developing country and upcoming world’s superpower. The Economy of India is the seventh-largest in the world by nominal GDP and the third-largest by purchasing power parity. India has emerged as the fastest growing major economy in the world as per the Central Statistics Organisation (CSO) and International Monetary Fund (IMF). According to the Economic Survey 2015-16, the Indian economy will continue to grow more than 7 per cent in 2016-17.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has projected that the prevalence of diabetes is increasing in epidemic proportions especially in developing countries. India has the highest number of people with Diabetes in the World. India Diabetes Research Foundation (IDRF) is a pioneer research institution established by Prof. A. Ramachandran in 2007 and is involved in multifarious research activities in diabetes health care and in diabetes and endocrinology education, imparting knowledge to students and the general public. The medical research publications of the IDRF and its impacts have been acknowledged internationally and have put India in the world map of diabetes research especially in the field of epidemiology (population studies) and primary prevention of diabetes. Numerous medical journals are published from India on Diabetes and Endocrinology with good reputation.