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Description of the country:
Italy is located in the Southern European Region and it is also known to be the long boot shaped Italian Peninsula. It is often referred as Boot. Italy shares its borders with France, Austria, Switzerland and Slovenia.
Geography of the country:
Major part of the geographical border is sharing with the Switzerland about 698km, coastal lane of Italy is around 7600kms. The prime part of the country is covered with the mountains. The largest river in Italy is Po, which flows about 652 km wide. Volcanic erosions are most probably found in the region of Ponza, Capraia, Eolie etc. Adriatic Sea and Tyrrhenian sea are major rivers flows in the Italy.
Status of economy, research and development:
There is a slight rise in the GDP (Research & development) of Italy from past 5 years is from 1.21 to 1.26 in terms of %. According to preliminary estimation of the Italian Statistical Institute (ISTAT), consumer prices in April, 2015 recorded flat growth over the months, which followed March’s 0.2% increase. GDP at market prices (current US$) $2.141 trillion 2014, Population, total 60.79 million 2014.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
In Physics, Medicine, Economics and literature, this nation produced 20 Nobel laureates so far. Researchers in Italy were more enthusiastic in publishing high quality articles in Earth Science journals like Italian Journal of Geosciences. Italy also organizes programmes on Earth and Environment.