Argentina is a massive South American country which is in the Asia Pacific region and a neighbor of Chile, bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the second-largest in Latin America, and the largest Spanish-speaking one. The name of Argentina meaning "River of Silver", in the first years of the 16th century.
The geographic features of Argentina are it is a country located in southern South America. Bordered by the Andes in the west and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, neighboring countries are Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast. Argentina is the second largest country of South America after Brazil, and the 8th largest country in the world In terms of area. The total area is approximately 2.7 million km². Argentina claims sovereignty over a part of Antarctica. The country is separated into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation as decided by its Congress. The provinces and the capital exist under a federal system in spite of have their own constitutions. Argentina also claims to several South Atlantic islands administered by the United Kingdom.
Argentina is one of the largest economies in Latin America. Argentina's economy enjoys valuable natural resources. The economy started growing during the first half of 2015, mostly led by public consumption, and increased 2.1% and 2.3% (yoy) in the first and second quarter with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of more than US$ 540 billion.
Argentina has established infrastructure for advanced reproductive technology, biological regulatory mechanism and endocrinology. In Physiology or Medicine, this island nation produced 8 Nobel laureates so far like Bernardo A Houssay, Robert G Edwards, John R Vane, Bernardo Houssay, Luis Federico Leloir, César Milstein, Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Carlos Saavedra Lamas. Argentina is at the 24th position in endocrinology research in world ranking according to Scimago. Argentina is an agency for radioimmunoassay monitors the funding and integration of the R & D related to medical sciences in the country. The Institute of Biologia y Medicina is the leading Institution in medical research in Argentina. Numerous endocrinology journals are published from Argentina with good reputation.