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Description of the country: China or officially known “People’s Republic of China”, with its 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities and two special administrative regions is world’s most populated and second largest country of the world in land area. With its roots in past and vision in future it has most fast developing economy of world.
Geography of the country: Being second largest country in land area after Russia, it has largest combined land border in world. China has a diverse landscape ranging from deserts like Gobi and Taklamakan in north to subtropical desert in south. Mountain ranges in south of country like Karakoram, Himalaya, Pamir and Tian Shan separates it’s from South and central Asia.
Status of economy, research and development: In spite of its large population China is the second largest economy in the world. About 344.7 billion USD is spent by China for research and development in year 2014 which is next to USA 473.4 billion USD. Presently China’s economy is market economy and one of the best examples of state capitalism. China with its outstanding advancements in telecommunications, transportation and infrastructure has become world’s fastest growing economy.
Status about Endocrinology research in China: China has produced a total of 8 Nobel laureates in field such as Physics, Chemistry and Medicine. China is centre for advanced endocrinology research. Between years 2010-2014 Chinese authors ranks second in number of publications (7.22%) after USA (27.38%) in publishing research articles related to endocrinology. Medical journals such as Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism and Biological trace Element Research are the most popular journal for endocrinological research in China. Institute such as “Shanghai Clinical Centre for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (CCEMD) and Shanghai Institute of Endocrinology and many other are doing extensive research on disease such as pheochromocytoma, Cushing syndrome, endocrine-related hypertension, hypokalemia and thyroidism.