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Indonesia, a Southeast Asian nation made up of thousands of volcanic islands, is home to hundreds of ethnic groups speaking many different languages. It’s is known for its beaches, volcanoes and jungles sheltering elephants, tigers and Komodo dragons. On the island of Java lies Indonesia's vibrant, sprawling capital, Jakarta, and the city of Yogyakarta, known for gamelan music and traditional puppetry.
Indonesia is a huge archipelagic country extending 5,120 kilometers from east to west and 1,760 kilometers from north to south. It encompasses 13,667 islands (some sources say as many as 18,000), only 6,000 of which are inhabited. There are five main islands (Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya), two major archipelagos (Nusa Tenggara and the Maluku Islands), and sixty smaller archipelagos. Two of the islands are shared with other nations; Kalimantan (known in the colonial period as Borneo, the world's third largest island) is shared with Malaysia and Brunei, and Irian Jaya shares the island of New Guinea with Papua New Guinea. Indonesia's total land area is 1,919,317 square kilometers. Included in Indonesia's total territory is another 93,000 square kilometers of inlands seas (straits, bays, and other bodies of water). The additional surrounding sea areas bring Indonesia's generally recognized territory (land and sea) to about 5 million square kilometers. The government, however, also claims an exclusive economic zone, which brings the total to about 7.9 million square kilometers.
Indonesia is a country that contains great economic potential; a potential that has not gone unnoticed to part of the international community. Indonesia - Southeast Asia's largest economy - is increasingly mentioned as an appropriate candidate to be included in the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) as the country is rapidly showing signs of similar newly advanced economic development. Recently, a new set of emerging economies has gained public attention. Members of this set are countries that contain promising markets with diverse economies, reasonably sophisticated financial systems and fast-growing populations. These countries are grouped under the acronym CIVETS (Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa), and its combined Gross Domestic Product is predicted to account for half the global economy by 2020.
The Indonesian Science Fund (ISF), established under a recent decree of President Joko Widodo, will earmark around US$60 million a year to fund 200 research proposals. The ISF will grant US$100,000 for each successful research proposal, similar to the practice of the US National Science Foundation which allots around US$200,000 per research grant community.
In endocrinology, this nation produced many researchers so far. Indonesia has established infrastructure for advanced medical research. Endocrinology research institutes in Indonesia have emerged as leaders in basic, translational and clinical endocrinology, diabetology and metabolism, providing guidance in clinical care, education, training, research, patient advocacy, information dissemination and capacity building, within and outside Indonesia. Numerous Endocrinology journals are published from Indonesia with good reputation. List of Endocrinology journals in India include more than 8 journals which publishes around 215 articles every year. Several leading Institutions in the country including University of Indonesia, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Kristen Indonesia University and others are spearheading the endocrinology research. Many Endocrinology journals of Indonesia are publishing innovative research work in the field of endocrinology.