Mexico is a federal republic in North America. Mexico is the fourth largest country in the western hemisphere and is rich in natural resources such as oil and natural gas. Mexico’s efforts to develop and modernize its economy—one of the 15th largest in the world—have been slowed by the nation’s rugged terrain, limited farmland, a rapidly growing population. The nation’s capital, Mexico City, is by some counts the largest city in the world. In Latin America, only Brazil has a larger population than Mexico.
Mexico is bordered by the United States on the north, the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Gulf of Mexico where Merida resides and the Caribbean Sea on the east where Cancun resides, and Guatemala and Belize to the south. It is characterized by an extraordinary diversity in topography and climate and is crossed by two major mountain systems, the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental. The high central plateau between these two mountain ranges historically funneled most of the human population toward the center of this region. Mexico features volcanic peaks, snow-capped mountains, tropical rain forests, and internationally famous beaches. Mexico City is an enormous metropolitan area and dominates the rest of the country’s culture, economy, and politics.
Mexico has a $1.26 trillion economy , making it the 15th largest economy in the world, and the 11th taking into account power purchasing parity. With its 122 million inhabitants, the GDP per capita currently stands at about $10,000, placing it firmly in the “upper middle income” countries. Mexico is traditionally seen as a commodities and manufacturing giant. It has the largest proven silver reserves in the world, and the tenth largest oil reserves. Mexico does funds some research, although as a country in development it funds not nearly as much as it could/should. There are biomedical institutes that do genetic engineering, physics, genetic and medicine/biomedicine/genetic engineering, usually focused on Cancer research and brain function.
In some areas in Central America and Mexico, certain insects carry and spread diseases like American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), chikungunya , dengue fever , leishmaniasis , malaria , onchocerciasis (river blindness), West Nile virus, Zika virus and TB. The National Institute of Medical Science and Nutrition Salvador Zubiran (INCMNSZ) is one of the National Institutes of Health under the Ministry of Health in Mexico. It is one of Mexico’s most prestigious medical and scientific assistance institutions along with scientific research. University of New Mexico, National Institute of Public Health, National Public Health Institute (The Center for Research on Infectious Diseases) are some of the organisations carries out research on infectious diseases. Journals of Infectious Diseases include Journal of Infectious diseases.