The name Italy comes from the word italia, meaning “calf land,” perhaps because the bull was a symbol of the Southern Italian tribes. Italy is one of the most crowded nations in Europe. The capital of Italy is Rome (also known as the Eternal City) and is almost 3,000 years old. The official name of Italy is the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana). Italy is said to have more masterpieces per square mile than any other country in the world. The University of Rome is one of the world’s oldest universities and was founded by the Catholic Church in A.D. 1303. Often called La Sapienza (“knowledge”), the University of Rome is also Europe’s largest university with 150,000 students. Italy is among the world’s leaders of the fashion industry. Additionally, Armani, Versace, Gucci, and Prada have become internationally recognized. Italy is also known for fine sports cars, such as the Ferrari and Lamborghini.
The EMBL Mouse Biology Unit based in Monterotondo (Rome), Italy, has become established as a basic research centre of excellence and innovation in mouse genetics and functional genomics. Founded in 1974, EMBL is Europe’s flagship laboratory for the life sciences – an intergovernmental organisation with more than 80 independent research groups covering the spectrum of molecular biology. Research objectives at EMBL Monterotondo include rapid expansion of basic research activities through faculty recruitment and infrastructural re-organisation. Emerging foci on neurobiology and behaviour, regenerative biology and biomedical applications. Innovations in high-throughput technology for genomic, proteomic and imaging analysis of mutant models. Continued refinement of conditional and inducible gene regulation to provide more accurate models of human pathologies.
The research advancements in the country have been disseminated through the list of Molecular Biology journals Italy and organizations like Italian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (SIB). It promotes research work by encouraging research work publications in top molecular biology journals such as Molecular Biology: Open Access. There are many universities in Italy such as Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, University of Pavia, University of Milan whose scientist dominate in the number of publications in peer reviewed molecular biology journals throughout the world. The popular Italian molecular biology journals list that circulate in the country are Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology etc.