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Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is the ninth most populous country with over 144 million people at the end of 2015.Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. Russia was founded and ruled by Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. Following the Russian revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union abbreviated to USSR. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite, and the first man in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the partition of the Soviet Union in 1991, fourteen independent republics emerged from the USSR; as the largest, most populous, and most economically developed republic, the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality (the sole successor state) of the Soviet Union.
The Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology (EIMB) is a research institute located in Moscow, Russia. The Institute is included in the Branch of Biological Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences and has the status of a State non-commercial organization. The institute was founded on April 26, 1957 by Vladimir Engelgardt who became its first director. In April 1999, the Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology (EIMB) celebrated its 40th anniversary. The Institute is named after academician Vladimir A. Engelhardt (1894-1984), its founder and first director. Since 1984 EIMB has been headed by academician Andrei D. Mirzabekov. The Institute is incorporated in the Department of Physicochemical Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. At present, scientific research in the institute is carried out in the following directions such as: structural and functional genomics, human genome; physics and chemistry of nucleic acids, proteins, and their components; biologically active substances; molecular enzymology and protein engineering; cell molecular biology, differentiation, oncogenesis; biotechnology; bioinformatics; biological microchips. Journals in the list of Molecular biology journals Russia covers a wide scope of problems related to molecular and cell biology including structural and functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, bioinformatics, biomedicine, molecular enzymology, molecular virology and molecular immunology, theoretical bases of biotechnology, physics and physical chemistry of proteins and nucleic acids. Unlike the majority of journals dealing with these subjects, Russia molecular biology journals list exercises a multidisciplinary approach and presents the complete pattern of relevant basic research mostly in Eastern Europe. Molecular biology journals publishes general interest reviews, mini-reviews, experimental and theoretical works and computational analyses in molecular and cell biology. Peer reviewed Molecular biology journals consists of descriptions and summaries of a wide range of journals in all areas of microbiology and molecular biology.