alexa Duplication of Gall bladder: Review of Literature and Report of a Case | Open Access Journals
ISSN:2167-7964
OMICS Journal of Radiology
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Duplication of Gall bladder: Review of Literature and Report of a Case

Hoda Salah Darwish*

Department of radio-diagnosis, Faculty of medicine. Suez Canal University, Egypt

*Corresponding Author:
Hoda Salah Dariwsh
Department of radio-diagnosis
Faculty of medicine. Suez Canal University, Egypt
Tel: 00966 0558858648
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 03, 2016; Accepted date: June 27, 2016; Published date: June 30, 2016

Citation: Darwish HS (2016) Duplication of Gall bladder: Review of Literature and Report of a Case. OMICS J Radiol 5:226. doi:10.4172/2167-7964.1000226

Copyright: © 2016 Darwish HS. et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at OMICS Journal of Radiology

Abstract

The gallbladder duplication consider a rare anatomic malformation, it can now be detected by preoperative multiple imaging study. The preoperative diagnosis is very important to avoid potential damage to the duct system during surgery. We preferred Ultrasound which is modality of imaging. Surgical treatment consists of the removal of both gallbladders to prevent later complications. We report one case of congenital double gall-bladder as it is very rare which were demonstrated radio logically and proved at surgery.

Keywords

Double gallbladder; Gallbladder duplication

Introduction

The gallbladder is one of the most our body organs subject to anatomical variations; that may be related to number, shape and position and may also affect the cystic duct and cystic artery [1]. Duplication of the gallbladder is a rare congenital malformation, occurring in about one per 4000 births [1]. It associated with an increased risk of complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy [2]. Preoperative diagnostic imaging should be helpful. The diagnosis easily missed intraoperatively, especially laparoscopically, if there is no prior knowledge of the exact abnormality [3]. Ultrasound has a high sensitivity and specificity and it is the preferred modality of imaging [4] . CT scan and MRI are the nonvasive modality and can be used to delineate the anatomy [5].

Case Report

A 26 years old man presented as an emergency with acute right hypocondrium pain. He was complaining of anorexia and weight loss. The routine blood test, revealed high bilirubin level which was raised at 44 umol/l.

Abdominal Ultrasound scan demonstrated no stones with small amount of echogenic sludge within the gallbladder (Figure 1). Normal gallbladder wall thickness and there was no evidence of intra or extra hepatic biliary tree dilatation. Another cystic structure was seen with normal wall thickness and clear content adjacent to it. CT abdomen (Figures 2a, 2b and c) and the intraoperative findings confirm the diagnosis of gall bladder duplication with inflammation of one bed and clear the bed. The report of histolopathology confirmed the specimen to be a chronically mild inflamed gallbladder with no stones.

radiology-ultrasound-scan

Figure 1(a-b): Grey scale ultrasound scan of gallbladder fossa depicts two separate gallbladders as two separate cystic structures one bed contains echogenic sludge. No stones seen. The other gall bladder bed is displaying normal sonographic features.

radiology-cystic-structure

Figure 2a: Axial CT abdomen scan through right upper quadrant shows another cystic structure adjacent to the normal gall bladder that does not communicate with GB.

radiology-gallbladder-fossa

Figure 2b and c: CT abdomen scan coronal (b) and sagittal (c) reformated sections show two separate cystic structures in gallbladder fossa. Superior and anteriorly placed normal inflamed gallbladder and the duplicated gall bladder (arrow) posteroinferior in position to the normal gallbladder.

Discussion

Double gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly with an incidence of 1:4000 patients [1]. There are several literature reported double and also triple gallbladder [3]. Several classifications have been proposed according to anatomic or embryologic development of the gallbladder. Double gallbladders are classified according to the Boyden's classification [1]. The two main types of duplications are vesica fellea divisa (bilobed gallbladder) and, vesica fellea duplex (true duplication) which is more common, with two different cystic ducts. However the true duplication is sub classified into H shaped type which entails two separate gallbladders and cystic ducts entering separately into the common bile duct; and another Y shaped type, where the two cystic ducts unites before entering the common bile duct [3].

The accessory gallbladder of ductular type may be adjacent to the normal organ or may be intrahepatic, subhepatic or within the gastrohepatic ligament. The true duplication is more common, occurs during the 5th and early 6th week of embryonic life due to bifurcation of gallbladder primodium [1,5-7]

In our patient we found a complete duplication of the gallbladder with its own cystic artery and duct entering the common bile duct at lower level than normal [3]. The differential diagnosis of double gallbladder include the following gallbladder fold, focal adenomyomatosis phrygian cap, intraperitoneal fibrous (Ladd's) bands, choledochal cyst, pericholecystic fluid and gallbladder diverticulum [8].

Diagnosis includes various modalities like ultrasound, Oral cholecystogram (OCG), scintigraphy, ERCP, PTC, CT scan and MRI. OCG and scintigraphy depend on certain conditions such as hepatobiliary uptake and excretion with a patent cystic duct. ERCP and PTC are the invasive procedures and will be used rarely. Ultrasound imaging is the modality of choice, with a high sensitivity and specificity. CT scan and MRI are the nonvasive modality and can be used to delineate the anatomy [5]. Congenital duplication of gall bladder tends to lead to biliary complications, such as cholelithiasis and acute cholecystitis of both gallbladders. The clinical features are usually RUQ pain and tenderness and sometimes jaundice [9]. In symptomatic patient, cholecystectomy is recommended with the excision of both is recommended [5].

Conclusion

Double gallbladder is a rare congenital abnormality. Pre-operative diagnosis is very important not to miss the second gallbladder. We are reporting a case of double gallbladder as it is very rare.

References

 

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 8318
  • [From(publication date):
    June-2016 - Aug 23, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 8258
  • PDF downloads :60
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords