alexa The Hazard of Internet Addiction: A Warning Message from the 2014 Metro Attack in Taiwan | Open Access Journals
ISSN: 1522-4821
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

The Hazard of Internet Addiction: A Warning Message from the 2014 Metro Attack in Taiwan

Ruu-Fen Tzang1,2,3*, Chuan-Hsin Chang4, Yue-Cune Chang5

1Department of Psychiatry, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

2Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, Taiwan

3Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan

4Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Anschutz Medical Campus, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO 80045, USA

5Department of Mathematics, Tamkang University, Taipei, Taiwan

*Corresponding Author:
Ruu-Fen Tzang
Department of Psychiatry
Mackay Memorial Hospital
Taipei, Taiwan
E-mail: [email protected]

Visit for more related articles at International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience

Abstract

The children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and co-occuring Conduct Disorder (CD) are predisposed to juvenile delinquency (Cohn et al., 2012; Mannuzza, Klein & Moulton, 2008), but none of previous reports have ever linked juvenile delinquency to internet addiction (IA). Internet addiction is defined as excessively using computer, communication, and consumer (3C) electronic product even appear withdrawal syndrome if such internet addicted behavior being stopped. IA recently has become quite common among adolescents. The published prevalence rates have ranged from 4-6% (Wartberg, Thomsen, Moll & Thomasius, 2014) in Germany to 13.5% (Wu et al., 2013) in China. Indeed, playing computer game, even on line, is not necessary to become IA. But quite of lot of adolescent is not only becoming impaired in their academic or daily life function also they developed as addiction problem

The children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and co-occuring Conduct Disorder (CD) are predisposed to juvenile delinquency (Cohn et al., 2012; Mannuzza, Klein & Moulton, 2008), but none of previous reports have ever linked juvenile delinquency to internet addiction (IA). Internet addiction is defined as excessively using computer, communication, and consumer (3C) electronic product even appear withdrawal syndrome if such internet addicted behavior being stopped. IA recently has become quite common among adolescents. The published prevalence rates have ranged from 4-6% (Wartberg, Thomsen, Moll & Thomasius, 2014) in Germany to 13.5% (Wu et al., 2013) in China. Indeed, playing computer game, even on line, is not necessary to become IA. But quite of lot of adolescent is not only becoming impaired in their academic or daily life function also they developed as addiction problem. That is why now in newly published DSM-5, IA has been temporarily placed in section III of the and named Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) (Reinhardt & Reinhardt, 2013). Herein, we report a case of mass stabbing can be used to explain the possible pathogenesis after long term IA and further suggest IA may have significant relationship with such destructive adolescent criminality.

A 21-year-old male college student perpetrated a mass stabbing in the Taipei metro subway on May 21, 2014. The family and friends never noticed that he had any signs of homicidal aggression because he lived in a school dormitory, where he spent much time on computer games that featured killing content. Despite having a history of threatening or planning to kill his teacher on several occasions and one time having quit school, his parents claimed he was a sedentary and homebound boy who had an excessive love of playing computer games. One month before the mass stabbing, he was counseled by a teacher because he told his friend he had a plan to kill people. Not till the school counselor planned to help him did he finally bring two knifes with him to kill 4 people and injure many others on a subway train.

This perpetrator was diagnosed after forensic psychiatric evaluation as having antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). ASPD itself has been clearly linked with criminality and ADHD plus CD. But this adolescent with ASPD had no prior psychiatric evaluation to being diagnose as ADHD and CD before. It seems difficult to discuss these 2 diagnoses for this patient, but we all agree that only children with ADHD and CD have been reported to be predisposed to juvenile delinquency which is associated with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) (Storebo & Simonsen, 2013). Therefore, ADHD plus CD diagnosis should be warranted earlier before his developing to ASPD.

According to the present fact on the surface, here we suggest that modern antisocial personality is formed not just rely on past adverse family risk, e.g. harsh parenting, inconsistent discipline, father with ASPD and alcoholism (Kuperman, Schlosser, Lidral & Reich, 1999; von Polier, Vloet & Herpertz-Dahlmann, 2012). Internet addiction may be a new risk to affect the minds of young children leading them to commit violent and destructive criminality. As a result, new family adversity is their busy family and school teacher’s permitting their children indulge in an IA world since their early younger age and careless on noticing their children’s possible development of aggressive hostility in character as this juvenile criminality case finally.

From this antisocial personality patient, we suggest to link excessive computer on line violent gaming with criminal behavior (Hollingdale & Greitemeyer, 2014). Therefore, relevant expertise need to pay attention to an lonely homebound sedentary adolescent plays computer games being full of violent killing content excessively, with irregular meal or malnutrition (Kim et al., 2010), or irregular sleep due to his IA problem. Cause such adolescent may have risk of murderous behavior if they had unrecognized ASPD, ADHD, and CD problem.

The implication of this case report is that child psychiatrists should conduct earlier screening for neurodevelopmental disorders, e.g. ADHD among adolescents with internet gaming disorder, especially for those adolescents with a history of aggression, quitting school, social isolation, irregular meals, and irregular sleep patterns. More clinical reports of juvenile criminality in future would be highly recommended.

References

Cohn, M., van Domburgh, L., Vermeiren, R., Geluk, C., & Doreleijers, T. (2012).Externalizing psychopathology and persistence of offending in childhood first-time arrestees. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 21(5), 243-251.

Hollingdale, J., & Greitemeyer, T. (2014). The effect of online violent video games on levels of aggression. PLoS One, 9(11), e111790.

Kim, Y., Park, J.Y., Kim, S.B., Jung, I.K., Lim, Y.S., & Kim, J.H. (2010). The effects of Internet addiction on the lifestyle and dietary behavior of Korean adolescents. Nutrition Research and Practice, 4(1), 51-57.

Kuperman, S., Schlosser, S.S., Lidral, J., & Reich, W. (1999). Relationship of child psychopathology to parental alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 38(6), 686-692.

Mannuzza, S., Klein, R.G., & Moulton, J.L., 3rd. (2008). Lifetime criminality among boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a prospective follow-up study into adulthood using official arrest records. Psychiatry Research, 160(3), 237-246.

Reinhardt, M.C., & Reinhardt, C.A. (2013). Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, comorbidities, and risk situations. Jornal de Pediatria, 89(2), 124-130.

Storebo, O.J., & Simonsen, E. (2013). The Association Between ADHD and Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD): A Review. Journal of Attention Disorders.

von Polier, G.G., Vloet, T.D., & Herpertz-Dahlmann, B. (2012). ADHD and delinquency--a developmental perspective. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 30(2), 121-139.

Wartberg, L., Thomsen, M., Moll, B., & Thomasius, R. (2014). Pilot study on the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural group programme for adolescents with pathological Internet use. Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr, 63(1), 21-35.

Wu, X., Chen, X., Han, J., Meng, H., Luo, J., Nydegger, L., et al. (2013). Prevalence and factors of addictive Internet use among adolescents in Wuhan, China: interactions of parental relationship with age and hyperactivity-impulsivity. PLoS One, 8(4), e61782.
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 9328
  • [From(publication date):
    June-2016 - Nov 18, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 9182
  • PDF downloads : 146
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords