A Rapid Appraisal of the Efficacy of Sodium Carbonate in the Management of Tunga penetrans Infestation at Uuna Primary School in Karemo Division, Siaya District, KenyaAmbenje DN and Otieno CA*
School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Eldoret, Kenya
- *Corresponding Author:
- Christina A Otieno
Moi University, College of Health Scinces
School of Public health
Department of Environmental Health
P.O. Box 4606-30100, Eldoret, Kenya
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: August 25, 2015; Accepted date: January 28, 2016; Published date: February 22, 2016
Citation: Ambenje DN, Otieno CA (2016) A Rapid Appraisal of the Efficacy of Sodium Carbonate in the Management of Tunga penetrans Infestation at Uuna Primary School in Karemo Division, Siaya District, Kenya. J Community Med Health 6:394. doi:10.4172/2161-0711.1000394
Copyright: © 2016 Ambenje DN, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study assessed the efficacy of Sodium carbonate in removing jiggers. The 2007 study purposively sampled 27 pupils in class five to eight out of 68 jigger victims at Uuna primary school that had an upper primary pupil population of 275. The upper primary section was purposively selected because the school offered holiday teaching for these pupils. The whole school had 762 pupils. Structured questionnaires were administered to the purposively sampled pupils. Frequencies and percentages were calculated. Approximately 68 (8.9%) of the total student population at the school were jigger infested for 2 weeks to 4 months. Infestation was higher in class five (11%) reducing to 1% in class eight with twenty two percent children not wearing shoes. On dissolving 50 gm/litre of Sodium carbonate in warm water and applying it to the infested feet, 19 (70%) pupils had 100% jigger extraction, within 15 to 20 minutes. This was the first study showing Sodium carbonate as an effective local chemical alternative in removing jiggers.