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A Review of Threats and Vulnerabilities to Mangrove Habitats: With Special Emphasis on East Coast of India | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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Research Article

A Review of Threats and Vulnerabilities to Mangrove Habitats: With Special Emphasis on East Coast of India

Ghosh S1, Bakshi M1, Bhattacharyya S2, Nath B3 and Chaudhuri P1*
1Department of Environmental Science, University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India
2School of Environmental Studies, Jadavpur University, West Bengal, India
3School of Geosciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Corresponding Author : Chaudhuri P
Department of Environmental Science
University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India,
Tel: +91 9831140980
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 02, 2015; Accepted March 18, 2015; Published March 28, 2015
Citation: Ghosh S, Bakshi M, Bhattacharyya S, Nath B, Chaudhuri P (2015) A Review of Threats and Vulnerabilities to Mangrove Habitats: With Special Emphasis on East Coast of India. J Earth Sci Clim Change 6:270. doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000270
Copyright: © 2015 Ghosh S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Mangroves are one of the most threatened ecosystems worldwide located within the intertidal zones of tropics and subtropics. They provide both ecologic and economic benefits to coastal communities. They safeguard community lives and properties in coastal areas during storm surges, hurricanes, cyclones and tsunamis. Global estimate shows decline in mangrove vegetal covers to ~150,000 sq. km. Degradation of mangrove ecosystems in India are mainly due to continuous increase in anthropogenic activities such as conversion of mangrove wetlands for aquaculture and destruction of mangrove forest for timber. In the coastal areas inhabitants are at risks of losing their livelihood and ecological communities are in the verge of extinction. The effective conservation and management of mangrove habitats should be considered in association with local community participation and application of remote sensing technique and Geographic Information System (GIS)-based comprehensive database approach. We reviewed threats and vulnerabilities to mangrove habitats around the world with a special emphasis in east coast of India. We also reviewed current mangrove management practices. We discussed the importance of acquisition/assessment of remote sensing data for GIS-based effective mangrove management approach in remote Indian coasts. A combination of remote sensing and GIS-based approach will have significant ecologic and economic benefits by gaining real-time data from inaccessible areas. This strategy has valuable implications to other remote/threatened mangrove wetlands worldwide.


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