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An Appraisal of the Medical Records of Critically Ill Neonates in Lagos, Nigeria | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Research Article

An Appraisal of the Medical Records of Critically Ill Neonates in Lagos, Nigeria

Bamgboye M Afolabi1*, Abiodun Ogunwale2, Cecilia O Clement3 and Victor Inem4
1Health, Environment and Development Foundation, 34 Montgomery Road, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria
2Project Hope, Washington DC, USA
3Department of Morbid Anatomy, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
4Institute of Child Health College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Bamgboye M Afolabi
Health, Environment and Development Foundation
34 Montgomery Road, Yaba, Lagos
Tel: 2348058658029
E-mail: [email protected]
Received October 21, 2014; Accepted January 03, 2015; Published January 07, 2015
Citation: Afolabi BM, Ogunwale A, Clement CO, Inem V (2015) An Appraisal of the Medical Records of Critically Ill Neonates in Lagos, Nigeria. J Infect Dis Ther 3:196. doi: 10.4172/2332-0877.1000196
Copyright: © 2015 Afolabi BM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Objectives: To examine age- and gender-specific presentations and assess clinicians’ subjective prognosis and outcome of illnesses of critically ill neonates in the emergency room.

Design: A hospital-based retrospective appraisal of medical records of neonates in emergency room. Participants: Neonates admitted into the emergency room of a second-tier pediatric hospital in Lagos, Nigeria, between March 2005 and February 2007.

Intervention: Appraisal of the medical records of newly-born ill infants.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the mean weight of the neonates in each age group (df=4, p=0.5). Failure-to-cry (23.3%) and fever (37%, 52%, 54.2%, and 70%) were the main presentations in the first day of life and in all other age groups respectively. The most frequent diagnosis among the day old was birth asphyxia (21/30; 70%); among those 2-7 days old was neonatal jaundice (66/135; 48.9%); among those 8-14 days old (17/25, 68.0%) and those 15-21 days old (23/24, 92.0%) was neonatal septicemia and among those 22-28 days old was bronchopneumonia (5/10, 50.0%) respectively. Full blood count was the most repeated laboratory investigation requested for and antibiotics the most frequently-prescribed medication. Overall, there was a positive correlation (r=0.28, p=0.00) between clinicians’ subjective prognosis and outcome of illness although this was not reflected among the day-old neonates. The highest mortality rate (30.0%) was among the day-old neonates.

Conclusion: Birth asphyxia was the dominant illness that brought 24-hour old neonates to the Intensive Care Unit in the health facility of study. Mortality was also highest in this age group. Jaundice, septicemia and bronchopneumonia were other leading causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality according to the age group. Clinicians’ prognosis directly correlated with disease outcome.

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