alexa Anemia in Relation to Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference among Andhra Pradesh Women | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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Research Article

Anemia in Relation to Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference among Andhra Pradesh Women

Hemamalini J*
Assistant Professor, KL University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
Corresponding Author : Jalli Hemamalini
Assistant Professor, KL University
Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
Tel: +91-9392102352
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 19, 2013; Accepted May 06, 2013; Published May 08, 2013
Citation: Hemamalini J (2013) Anemia in Relation to Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference among Andhra Pradesh Women. J Obes Weight Loss Ther 3:173. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000173
Copyright: © 2013 Hemamalini J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This study is aimed to investigate into the relationship of anemia and body mass index among adult women in Guntur and Krishna districts, Andhra Pradesh, India. Data are collected in a sub-national cross-sectional survey, and 1,537 women aged 20-30 years are included in the analyses. According to Body Mass Index (BMI), the subjects are categorized as underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese according to WHO standard. Central obesity is defined as a waist circumference ≥ 80 cm. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin concentration <12 g/dl. Prevalence ratios (PRs) of the relationship between anemia and BMI or waist circumference were calculated using Poisson regression. Overall, 31.1% of the Andhra Pradesh women were anemic. The prevalence of overweight, obesity and central obesity is in the order of 34.2%, 5.8% and 36.2%, respectively. The obese group had the highest concentrations of hemoglobin compared with other BMI groups. After adjustment for confounders, overweight and obese women had a lower PR for anemia. Central obesity was inversely associated with anemia. In this population, women with overweight/obesity or central obesity were less likely to be anemic as compared to normal weight women. However no measures are required currently to target anemia specifically for overweight and obese people of Krishna & Guntur Districts in Andhra Pradesh.

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