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ISSN: 2161-0711

Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
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Research Article

Barriers of Exclusive Breast Feeding in Healthy Term and Late Preterm Neonates

Suksham Jain*, Manju Singla and Deepak Chawla

Government Medical College and hospital, Chandigarh, India

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Suksham Jain
Assistant Professor Pediatrics
Government Medical College & Hospital
Chandigarh, India
Tel: 9988901596(M)/0172-2665545-49(O)(Extn.2503)
Fax: 0172-4633855
E- mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 23, 2011; Accepted date: December 10, 2011; Published date: December 12, 2011

Citation: Jain S, Singla M, Chawla D (2011) Barriers of Exclusive Breast Feeding in Healthy Term and Late Preterm Neonates. J Community Med Health Edu 1:113. doi:10.4172/2161-0711.1000113

Copyright: © 2011 Jain S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Millions of deaths can be averted by scaling up exclusive breast feeding, EBF rate. By end of 2 months only 69% of mothers and by 4-6 months only one quarter of mothers are giving EBF to their babies.Factors influencing non-initiation or early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding had already been evaluated under NFHS data but only for babies born in community settings, these factors need to be investigated for the neonates born out of community settings.

Objective:To identify risk factors for early cessation of exclusive breast-feeding. Setting: Teaching Hospital in north India.

Subjects:Mothers giving birth to term or late pre-term healthy neonates were enrolled within 48 h after delivery and followed up till 6th postnatal week.

Results:A total of 350 mothers were enrolled. At the end of 1st, 2nd and 6th week the proportion of EBF decreased to 95%, 93.3% and 75.8% respectively. Risk factors associated with early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding were cesarean section at end of first week (RR: 3.06,95%CI: 1.03-9.08) and primiparity at end of six weeks (RR: 1.95, 95%CI: 1.01-3.79).

Conclusion:Cesarean section and first time mothers need more counseling on exclusive breast-feeding.

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