Challenges and Opportunities in Developing Oral Vaccines against Viral Diseases of Fish
- *Corresponding Author:
- Arun K. Dhar
Towson University, Biology Department
8000 York Road, Towson, MD 2125
E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]
Received date: November 04, 2011; Accepted date: November 22, 2011; Published date: November 25, 2011
Citation: Dhar AK, Allnutt FCT (2011) Challenges and Opportunities in Developing Oral Vaccines against Viral Diseases of Fish. J Marine Sci Res Development S1:003. doi: 10.4172/2155-9910.S1-003
Copyright: © 2011 Dhar AK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This review covers the current state of the art in oral vaccination of fish against viral diseases. It provides a comparison of the current state of fish vaccination, explores the various routes of vaccination, and then focuses on oral vaccination and the current state of this important and emerging vaccination strategy. A brief discussion is included of the essential research needed to support future widespread use of oral vaccination in fish aquaculture is also provided.