Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Characterization of Ti and Ti6Al4V Surfaces After Mechanical and Chemical Treatments: A Rational Approach to the Design of Biomedical Devices | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Characterization of Ti and Ti6Al4V Surfaces After Mechanical and Chemical Treatments: A Rational Approach to the Design of Biomedical Devices

Andrea Bagno1*, Monica Dettin1 and Giuseppe Santoro2

1Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, via Marzolo 9, 35131 Padova, Italy

2Department of Biomorphology and Biotechnologies, University of Messina, viale Gazzi, 98125 Messina, Italy

Corresponding Author:
Andrea Bagno
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova
via Marzolo 9, 35131 Padova, Italy
Tel: 39-049-8275004
Fax: 39-049-8275555
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 10, 2012; Accepted date: October 18, 2012; Published date: October 21, 2012

Citation: Bagno A, Dettin M, Santoro G (2012) Characterization of Ti and Ti6Al4V Surfaces After Mechanical and Chemical Treatments: A Rational Approach to the Design of Biomedical Devices. J Biotechnol Biomater 2:151. doi:10.4172/2155-952X.1000151

Copyright: © 2012 Bagno A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


At present, titanium-based biomaterials for the production of prosthetic devices have achieved a satisfactory quality level; current research aims at improving their surgical dependability and biomechanical performances. In this contest, a crucial aspect is represented by the osseointegration process, which implies the secure association of endosseous devices with the surrounding biological tissue. Osseointegration is largely controlled by surface characteristics with regard to both chemical composition and morphological properties. Therefore, the design of such devices might be guided by the characterization of surface morphology produced by mechanical and chemical treatments. This paper illustrates the results obtained by the application of a set of treatments on titanium (Ti2) and Ti6Al4V alloy (Ti5) samples. Mechanical treatments mainly affect the dimension of larger defects, acting on a macrometric scale and inducing specific patterns; chemical treatments (i.e., acid attack at room or higher temperature) can dissolve surface material altering defect dimensions on a micrometric scale. This study may represent a useful tool for the rational design of implant surface characteristics.


Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 1820

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials received 1820 citations as per Google Scholar report

Indexed In
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • ResearchBible
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Virtual Library of Biology (vifabio)
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
Share This Page