alexa Comparative Study of Population Dynamics and Breeding P
ISSN: 2375-4338

Rice Research: Open Access
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Research Article

Comparative Study of Population Dynamics and Breeding Patterns of Mastomys natalensis in System Rice Intensification (SRI) and Conventional Rice Production in Irrigated Rice Ecosystems in Tanzania

Loth Mulungu S1*, Happy Lopa2 and Mashaka Mdangi E3,4
1Pest Management Centre, Sokoine University of Agriculture, PO Box 3110 Morogoro, Tanzania
2Rodent Control Centre, Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives, P.O. Box 3047 Morogoro, Tanzania
3MATI-Ilonga, P.O. Box 66, Kilosa, Tanzania
4Crop Science and Production, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3005, Morogoro, Tanzania
*Corresponding Author : Loth Mulungu S
Pest Management Centre
Sokoine University of Agriculture
PO Box 3110 Morogoro, Tanzania
Tel: 255 752 119341
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 14, 2015; Accepted: January 02, 2016; Published: January 07, 2016
Citation: Loth Mulungu S, Lopa H, Mashaka Mdangi E (2016) Comparative Study of Population Dynamics and Breeding Patterns of Mastomys Natalensis in System Rice Intensification (SRI) and Conventional Rice Production in Irrigated Rice Ecosystems in Tanzania. J Rice Res 4:161. doi:10.4172/2375-4338.1000161
Copyright: © 2016 Loth Mulungu S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Mastomys natalensis is among the most important rodent pests in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated the population dynamics and breeding patterns of this mouse in system rice intensification (SRI) and in conventional cropping systems in irrigated rice ecosystem in eastern Tanzania. The Mastomys natalensis population varied with years and season, but not with either SRI or conventional cropping system which would be expected as the all fields are in the same area. The highest population peak was observed during the dry season i.e., August to September. Breeding patterns of this rodent pest was not influenced by the cropping system or season, indicating that M. natalensis is sexually active throughout the year and does not be affected by the rice production systems. Regular control and sustainable operations, such as the use trap barrier system (TBS), are therefore essential if the populations are to be kept within tolerable limits.

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