Constitutionalism, Law and Religion in Israel a States Multiple IdentitiesGabor Halmai1,2*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Gabor Halmai
Professor of Law, Eötvös Loránd University
Budapest, Hungary, Senior EURIAS Fellow at the Institute of Human Sciences (IWM)
Tel: +43 1 313580
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 04, 2016; Accepted Date: January 20, 2016; Published Date: January 27, 2016
Citation:Halmai G (2016) Constitutionalism, Law and Religion in Israel a State’s Multiple Identities. J Civil Legal Sci 5:169. doi:10.4172/2169-0170.1000169
Copyright: © 2016 Halmai G. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In the first chapter the historical relationship of Judaism and Zionism was discussed, while the second discusses the constitutional conflict between Jewish and the democratic character of the State of Israel. The third chapter analyzes the millet system of religious laws (inherited from the Ottoman Empire) for both Jews, as the religious majority, and for different minorities. The main question is, whether or not this pluralist legal system can be considered as liberal, providing equal rights, and what other alternatives are feasible in Israel today. The more general constitutional question behind the legal one is, whether or not the Jewish and the democratic character of the State of Israel based on Zionism can be consolidated.