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ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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Research Article

Correlates of Snacking with Stress and Depression in Obese and Non-obese Women

Sedaqat F1, Rabiei S1, Faria S2 and Rastmanesh R3*
1Department of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU), Tehran, Iran
2Gastrocirurgia de Brasília, Brasilia, Brazil
3SBMU, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
Corresponding Author : Dr. Reza Rastmanesh
Faculty of Nutrition
National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute
Arghavane Gharbi, Farahzadi Blvd, Shahrake Gharb
PO Box 19395-4741, Tehran, Iran
Tel: 9821-22357484
Fax: 9821-22360660
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 22, 2013; Accepted February 26, 2013; Published February 28, 2013
Citation: Sedaqat F, Rabiei S, Faria S, Rastmanesh R (2013) Correlates of Snacking with Stress and Depression in Obese and Non-obese Women. J Obes Wt Loss Ther 3:161. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000161
Copyright: © 2013 Sedaqat F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of obesity has steadily increased and now more than 50% of adults have obesity. The relation between obesity, psychological factors and snack consumption has been debated for decades.
Objective: Our study was conducted to investigate the relation between snacking with stress/depression among separate groups of obese and non-obese women.
Method: In this case-control study, 46 obese and 94 normal weight women, aged 17-44, were recruited using a convenience random sampling method. Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory II, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale and food frequency questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used for analysis.
Results: The adjusted odds ratio (OR) of obesity increased across tertiles of fresh fruits (OR: 14.1, 95% CI: 2.8- 71.3). The adjusted OR of stress increased across tertiles of fruit juices (OR: 0.04, CI: 1.3-19.8) and the adjusted OR of depression decreased significantly in the third as compared to the first tertile of fresh fruits in the control group (OR: 0.03, 95% CI: 0.03-0.8).
Discussion: Fruit consumption increases the odds of obesity. The relation between snacks consumed and stress/ depression is body weight dependent.

Keywords

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