Correlates of Snacking with Stress and Depression in Obese and Non-obese Women
|Sedaqat F1, Rabiei S1, Faria S2 and Rastmanesh R3*|
|1Department of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU), Tehran, Iran|
|2Gastrocirurgia de Brasília, Brasilia, Brazil|
|3SBMU, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran|
|Corresponding Author :||Dr. Reza Rastmanesh
Faculty of Nutrition
National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute
Arghavane Gharbi, Farahzadi Blvd, Shahrake Gharb
PO Box 19395-4741, Tehran, Iran
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received January 22, 2013; Accepted February 26, 2013; Published February 28, 2013|
|Citation: Sedaqat F, Rabiei S, Faria S, Rastmanesh R (2013) Correlates of Snacking with Stress and Depression in Obese and Non-obese Women. J Obes Wt Loss Ther 3:161. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000161|
|Copyright: © 2013 Sedaqat F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: The prevalence of obesity has steadily increased and now more than 50% of adults have obesity. The relation between obesity, psychological factors and snack consumption has been debated for decades.
Objective: Our study was conducted to investigate the relation between snacking with stress/depression among separate groups of obese and non-obese women.
Method: In this case-control study, 46 obese and 94 normal weight women, aged 17-44, were recruited using a convenience random sampling method. Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory II, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale and food frequency questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used for analysis.
Results: The adjusted odds ratio (OR) of obesity increased across tertiles of fresh fruits (OR: 14.1, 95% CI: 2.8- 71.3). The adjusted OR of stress increased across tertiles of fruit juices (OR: 0.04, CI: 1.3-19.8) and the adjusted OR of depression decreased significantly in the third as compared to the first tertile of fresh fruits in the control group (OR: 0.03, 95% CI: 0.03-0.8).
Discussion: Fruit consumption increases the odds of obesity. The relation between snacks consumed and stress/ depression is body weight dependent.