alexa Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: Report of Three Cases from Iran | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Case Report

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: Report of Three Cases from Iran

Mehdi Jamshidi1, Nima Daneshi1, Mohammad Taher Parad1, Ali Jamshidi2*, Ali Asghar Valipour2, Abolhasan Difrakhsh3 and Kaivan Kajkolahi3

1Department of Epidemiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran

3Behbahan School of Medical Sciences, Behbahan, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Ali Jamshidi
Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
Tel: 98-936-4723252
Fax: 98-615-3265361
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 28, 2016; Accepted date: January 31, 2017; Published date: February 03, 2017

Citation: Jamshidi M, Daneshi N, Taher Parad M, Jamshidi A, Valipour AA, et al. (2017) Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: Report of Three Cases from Iran. J Infect Dis Ther 5:314. doi: 10.4172/2332-0877.1000314

Copyright: © 2017 Jamshidi M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Introduction: Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a viral haemorrhagic fever caused by RNA virus (Nairovirus -family: Bunyaviridae). CCHF can cause severe infection in humans with a fatality rate of up to 25%-30%. Typically sings are headache, agitation, high fever, mood instability, muscular pain, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, leukocytosis, nosebleeds and black stools with 1-7 days' incubation period.

Case Presentation: This study report Three human Crimean-Congo fever cases in Behbahan city in Khuzestan province of Iran MAY 2016.

Conclusions: The main reasons for the transfer of CCHF in this cases, contact with contaminated meat, non-compliance with the rules relating to the slaughter, animal slaughter outside the slaughterhouse, the lack of sufficient monitoring of herds, lack of inspection of livestock and Insufficient education and awareness of the dangers diseases are zoonotic. Public education, respect for individual health issues and prevention against vector-borne diseases, can help to eliminate diseases such as CCHF.

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