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ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Eating Habits and Weight Losing among Obese and Overweight Women

Isa Mohammadi Zeidi and Amir Pakpour Hajiagha*
Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Ira
*Corresponding Author : Dr. Amir Pakpour
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health
Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 25, 2013; Accepted May 14, 2013; Published May 16, 2013
Citation: Zeidi IM, Hajiagha AP (2013) Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Eating Habits and Weight Losing among Obese and Overweight Women. J Obes Weight Loss Ther 3:172. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000172
Copyright: © 2013 Zeidi IM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Obesity and overweight is a major health problem in many developing countries. The prevalence of obesity is higher in women and hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, diabetes, cancer, gallstones and hormonal disorders are more common in obese people. Preventive interventions such as motivational interviewing (MI) that focusing on lifestyle modification and maintain proper weight is more cost effective than surgery or medications. The present research aimed to determine the impact of MI on dietary habits and BMI among obese or overweight women. In a quasi-experimental study, 120 obese and overweight women using multistage sampling were selected to participate randomly in control and experimental groups. The intervention consisted of five sessions of MI in small group which was presented to experimental group. Data were collected before and three months after MI. Dietary intake was evaluated using 24 hour dietary frequency for 2 days and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for 3 months. Also, Stadiometer and weight gauge were used to measure height and weight. Finally, data was entered into SPSS 17.0. Descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) were used for continuous variables and number and percentage were applied for categorical variables. Also, Chi-square tests, paired and independent t-test was used for data analysis. The results indicate a significant increase in the consumption of bread and Cereals, milk and dairy products, fruits and vegetables and beans in the experimental group after MI interviewing (P < 0.001). Also, the consumption of meat and its substitutes,  oils and fats and sugar significantly reduced in the experimental group after MI (P < 0.001). Additionally,  results indicated a significant reduction in body weight (P < 0.001) and BMI (P < 0.05) in the experimental group after MI. The results suggest that MI is added to healthy lifestyle training programs in order to avoid the risks of overweight and obesity.

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