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Effects of Application of Farmyard Manure and Inorganic Phosphorus on Tuberous Root Yield and Yield Related Traits of Sweet Potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] at Assosa, Western Ethiopia | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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Research Article

Effects of Application of Farmyard Manure and Inorganic Phosphorus on Tuberous Root Yield and Yield Related Traits of Sweet Potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] at Assosa, Western Ethiopia

Merga Boru1,*, Kebede Tsadik W2 and Tamado Tana2

1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Centre, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

2College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, Haramaya University, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Merga Boru
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural
Research Centre, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251-11 617 2000
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 08, 2017 Accepted Date: August 21, 2017 Published Date: August 28, 2017

Citation: Boru M, W/Tsadik K, Tana T (2017) Effects of Application of Farmyard Manure and Inorganic Phosphorus on Tuberous Root Yield and Yield Related Traits of Sweet Potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] at Assosa, Western Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech 5: 302. doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000302

Copyright: © 2017 Boru M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Sweet potato is one the most important root crops produced in western Ethiopia. However, the yield is far below its genetic potential. Lack of recommendation on appropriate rates of fertilizers is one of the problems limiting yield. A study was conducted to determine the effect of application of farm yard manure and inorganic phosphorus on tuberous root yield and yield related traits of sweet potato at Assosa from July to December 2016. The treatment consisted of four levels of farm yard manure (0, 5, 10 and 15 t ha-1) and four levels of P (0, 23, 46 and 69 kg P2O5 ha-1). The experiment was laid out as a Randomized Complete Block Design in a factorial arrangement and replicated three times. Analysis of the results showed that the main effect of farm yard manure significantly (P<0.05) affected most of the traits studied. The interaction effects of the two also affected most of the growth as well as yield parameters considered. Application of combinations of 15 t ha-1 farm yard manure and the highest rate of P2O5 resulted in 39.3% faster in bud sprouting. The main effects of farm yard manure affects tuber diameter (20.63 cm), unmarketable tuber yield (1.3 t ha-1), weight of tuber/plant (143 g), weight of marketable tuber/plant (140 g), dry matter content (27.04), specific gravity (1.12), length of tubers(15.68 cm). The highest vine length (139.67 cm), total tuber number per plant (8.0), total tuber yield (24.6 t ha-1), marketable tuber yield (23.65 t ha-1) was recorded at 15 t ha-1 farm yard manure+69 kg P2O5 ha-1 whereas the lowest vine length (45.3 cm), tuber number per plant (2.0), total tuber yield (5.52 t ha-1), marketable tuber yield (3.61 t ha-1) was recoreded at un amended control. The main effects of farm yard manure delayed maturity of the crop where the 15 t ha-1 farm yard manure showed delay by about 18 days. Moreover, tuber diameter, length of roots, and weight of tuberous roots exhibited improvement with increment in the amount of applied farm yard manure while none of these parameters were affected by the application of P2O5 fertilizer. From this study, the highest net benefit for tuber yield of sweet potato was recorded from the application of manure and P2O5 at the combination level of 15 t ha-1 farm yard manure+69 kg P2O5 ha-1 which was 57873 Birr ha-1. Therefore, the doses of 15 t farm yard manure ha-1 and 69 kg P2O5 ha-1 could be integrated and applied for sweet potato crops in the study area. However, it warrants further testing to give conclusive recommendation.

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