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Estimation of Gene Action and Variance Components of Some Reproductive Traits of Rice (Oryza sativa L) Through Lineand#160;x Tester Analysis | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4338

Rice Research: Open Access
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Research Article

Estimation of Gene Action and Variance Components of Some Reproductive Traits of Rice (Oryza sativa L) Through Line x Tester Analysis

Ariful Islam MD1*, Khaleque Mian MA2, Golam Rasul2, Khaliq QA3 and Mannan Akanda MA4
1Dept of GPB, EXIM Bank Agricultural University, Bangladesh
2Department of GPB, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
3Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
4Department of Plant Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
Corresponding Author : Dr. Md. Ariful Islam
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding
EXIM Bank Agricultural University, Bangladesh
Tel: +88-01711872774
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 25, 2015; Accepted July 04, 2015; Published July 09, 2015
Citation: Ariful Islam MD, Khaleque Mian MA, Golam Rasul, Khaliq QA, Mannan Akanda MA (2015) Estimation of Gene Action and Variance Components of Some Reproductive Traits of Rice (Oryza sativa L) Through Line x Tester Analysis. J Rice Res 3:144. doi:10.4172/2375-4338.1000144
Copyright: © 2015 Hashi US, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Twenty one parents (five cm S lines and sixteen Restorer lines) were considered for through line x tester analysis to study gene action and combining ability effects of developedcmS and restorer lines. Experiment was carried out at the experimental farm, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh in Boro 2011-12 following RCBD design in three replications. Significant genotypic variances for yield related traits indicated that there were significant variations among the genotypes. Significant gca variances along with additive variance component for reproductive traits indicated the accessibility of additive gene action. Degree of dominance were found negative for most of traits which reveals that regression lines passing below the origin i.e., this character are responsible for over dominance. The linear non-significant relationship between female vs male indicates the reliability of the crosses to go through heterosis breeding. The contributions of lines were found significant indicating preponderance of dominant genes among the lines with tester. The significant interaction of line x tester indicated higher estimates for sca variances. Four restorer lines showed significant negative effects for days to 1st flowering, 80% flowering and days to maturity. Three pollen parents and onecmS line, showed significant positive gca effects for pollen fertility while six pollen parents showed significant positive effects for spikelet’s fertility but two pollen parents showed significant positive gca effects for both panicle and stigma exertion rate. The estimated of gca effects of parents indicated that five pollen parents contributed highly significant negative effects for plant height which were responsible for dwarfing character. Fifteen crosses showed significant negative sca estimates for days to first flowering, sixteen crosses for days to 80% flowering and twenty crosses for days to maturity. Among 80 crosses fifty two crosses showed significant positive sca effects along with above average perse performances for grain yield.

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