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ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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Research Article

Gender Differences in the Outcome of Obesity Treatments and Weight Loss Maintenance - A Systematic Review

Nanette Stroebele-Benschop1*, Antje Damms-Machado1, Florence Marie P Milan2, Carolin Hilzendegen1, and Stephan C Bischoff1
1Institute of Nutritional Medicine, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
2Institute of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim, Germany
Corresponding Author : Nanette Stroebele
Institute for Nutrition Medicine
University of Hohenheim, Fruwirthstr. 12
D -70599 Stuttgart, Germany
Tel: +49 (0)711-459-24620
Fax: +49-(0)711-459-24343
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 04, 2013; Accepted May 31, 2013; Published June 02, 2013
Citation: Stroebele-Benschop N, Machado AD, Milan FMP, Wössner C, Soz D, Bischoff S (2013) Gender Differences in the Outcome of Obesity Treatments and Weight Loss Maintenance - A Systematic Review. J Obes Weight Loss Ther 3:176. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000176
Copyright: © 2013 Stroebele-Benschop N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Obesity is one of the major health concerns of today. The aim of the study was to review existing literature comparing gender differences in Weight Loss (WL) and Weight Loss Maintenance (WLM). A systematic review of published studies (to November 2009) examining WL and WLM and provided results separated by gender was conducted. Two reviewers selected studies for inclusion, assessed quality, and extracted data. The database search identified 1072 references for screening and 229 were selected for possible inclusion. A search update in August 2011 identified an additional 186 references and 62 were selected for possible inclusion. Fifty-four studies were included. Seventeen studies included surgical WL procedures and 37 studies examined nonsurgical WL treatments. For both types of WL treatment, about half of the studies reported higher absolute WL in men whereas the other half of the studies reported no gender differences. The majority of the 12 studies on WLM reported no gender differences. Meta-analysis revealed higher relative weight loss in men compared to women. WL treatment outcome appears to be in favour of WL in men. More research attention should be paid to gender specifics regarding WL treatment and WLM.

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