Global Atmosphere, Temperature, Climate Outlook for 2100 and Beyond*Corresponding Author: Valone TF, Integrity Research Institute, Beltsville Maryland, USA, Tel: 3012200440, Email: [email protected]
Received Date: Jun 13, 2019 / Accepted Date: Jun 27, 2019 / Published Date: Jul 04, 2019
Citation: Valone TF (2019) Global Atmosphere, Temperature, Climate Outlook for 2100 And Beyond. J Earth Sci Clim Change 10:523.
Copyright: © 2019 Valone TF. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Recent climate reports suggest a widely accepted range of one and a half (1.5°C) to two degrees (2°C) Celsius as an achievable global limit to climate change. This is in stark contrast to observationally informed projections of climate science underlying global warming. Leading climatologists have published details of the most likely outcome for 2100 of five to six-degree (5-6°C) increase as “most accurate” based on present trends, climate history and models. Average global temperature is found to be tightly correlated to CO2 with a short temporal feedback loop. The Vostok ice core temperature and CO2 values for the past 420,000 years, incorporated into “Hansen’s Graph” detail a discovery of accurate, predictive numerical values for global average temperature change and delayed sea level rise. These are compared to the latest climate model analysis and observational projections. The best-performing climate change models project more warming than the average model often relied upon. Hansen also accurately projected levels for 2019. A timeline for world atmosphere, temperature, and sea level trends for 2100 and beyond is analyzed. A CO2 experiment analysis proves its dramatic heat-entrapment versus air and is also compared to the global atmospheric system. Further policy- relevant climate adaptation, including carbon capture, positive individual action, and zero emissions are reviewed.