Is Quota a Solution for Political Empowerment of Women? Some Reflections Regarding the European Union States and Romania?Marcela Monica Stoica1,2*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Marcela Monica Stoica
Faculty of Political Sciences
“Dimitrie Cantemir” Christian University
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: October 22, 2016; Accepted Date: November 02, 2016; Published Date: November 15, 2016
Citation: Stoica MM (2016) Is Quota a Solution for Political Empowerment of Women? Some Reflections Regarding the European Union States and Romania? J Civil Legal Sci 5:216. doi: 10.4172/2169-0170.1000216
Copyright: © 2016 Stoica MM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Falling of communism in Eastern European countries brought in to the front stage the issue of transition to democracy, of the nature and model of democracy and equality for all. Romania had the same will of building a democracy inspired from the western typology and with an electoral system based on proportional representative, but with no special provisions or stimulants for women. This paper aims at analyzing the involving of women in politics, by studying, in a comparative approach, the legislation from Romania and the other members of the European Union, which succeeded the political empowerment of women, by introducing the “quota”. In Romania, it’s still in debate the change of electoral system, taking in to account a possible solution as “quota”, so more women in parliament. We use the quantitative analyses and the qualitative indicators in a comparative mode from the official documents and data basis from the legislatives of the European member states, European law, and OECD. We expect that the conclusions of this study to show us that “quota” is a constructive solution, especially for young democracy in transition such as Romania, which is still tribute to the old patriarchal culture and biases regarding the gender equality.