Malignancies after Chernobyl Accident: What Is True and What Is UntrueSergei V. Jargin*
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Sergei V. Jargin
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Clementovski per 6-82; 115184 Moscow, Russia
Tel: +7(495) 433-73-85
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 22, 2016 Accepted Date: February 22, 2016 Published Date: February 26, 2016
Citation: Jargin SV (2016) Malignancies after Chernobyl Accident: What Is True and What Is Untrue. Diagn Pathol Open 1:107. doi: 10.4172/2476-2024.1000107
Copyright: © 2016 Jargin SV. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Several publications in the field of pathology, overestimating medical consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear accident, are reviewed here. Among the causes of high registered incidence of pediatric thyroid cancer after the accident was the screening effect with detection of advanced cases. This explains also for the relatively high prevalence of dedifferentiated histological patterns and pronounced invasiveness described as the features of Chernobyl-related thyroid cancer. Mechanisms of false-positive diagnostics of thyroid and urinary bladder lesions are analyzed here. Morphological features of renal cell carcinoma from Chernobyl and adjacent areas are discussed in relation to the averagely late detection of malignancies. In conclusion, results of some molecular-genetic and other studies based on Chernobyl material should be re-evaluated, considering that many tumors detected during the first decade after the accident by the screening or brought from non-contaminated areas were advanced tumors, some of them misinterpreted as aggressive radiogenic cancers developing after a short latency.