Nosogeography and Etiological Structure of Leptospirosis Focuses in The Republic of Kazakhstan
Ilyasov BK*, Tugambayev TI, Ilyasov AB, Nuraliyev S and Zhylkibayev AK
Republican State Enterprise of the Right of Economic Management, M Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Republic of Kazakhstan
- Corresponding Author:
- Ilyasov BK
Republican State Enterprise of the Right of Economic Management
M Auezov South Kazakhstan State University
Republic of Kazakhstan, Shymkent city, Tauke-khan avenue
Tel no: (8-725-2) 21-01-41
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 25, 2016; Accepted date: May 19, 2016; Published date: May 22, 2016
Citation: Ilyasov BK, Tugambayev TI, Ilyasov AB, Nuraliyev S, Zhylkibayev ZK (2016) Nosogeography and Etiological Structure of Leptospirosis Focuses in The Republic of Kazakhstan. J Earth Sci Clim Change. 7:357. doi:10.4172/2157- 7617.1000357
Copyright: © 2016 Ilyasov BK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The article considers nosogeography of leptospirosis focuses and analysis of different animal species disease incidence in the Republic of Kazakhstan with composition of nosographical and etiological map on spread of the diseases among cattle and pigs. Different animals’ leptospirosis is registered serologically and bacteriologically almost in all geographical zones: in the majority of cases among cattle and pigs, in a less degree among horses and sheep, in singularity among camels. Incidence of people disease with availability of natural and zoonotic focuses of leptospirosis infection has been studied on the territory of Kazakhstan Republic. Identity of leptospirosis etiological structure of people, farm animals and rodents, which is generally presented by leptospirosis serogroups Grippotyphosa, Pomona, Tarasovi, Hebdomadis at the leading significance of the first two, has been detected. In accordance with the rules of international sub-committee on taxonomy and nomenclature of Leptospira, identification of local Leptospira strains isolated from people and animals in Kazakhstan has been carried out for the first time. It was established that Leptospira of people and animals are caused by 7 serotypes (Grippotyphosa, Tarasovi, monjakov, sorex-jalna, sejroe, Saxkoebinq, Canicola) from 6 serogroups (Grippotyphosa, Tarasovi, Pomona, Iavanica, Hebdomadis, Canicola).