alexa Overnutrition in Adolescents Born Preterm
ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
Open Access

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Short Communication

Overnutrition in Adolescents Born Preterm

María Angélica González-Stäger* and Alejandra Rodríguez-Fernándezz
Department of Nutrition and Public Health, Universidad del Bío-Bío, Chile
*Corresponding Author : González-Stäger MA
Department of Nutrition and Public Health, Universidad del Bío-Bío
Casilla 447 Chillán, Chile
Tel: 56-4224-63121
Fax:
56-4224-63142
E-mail: magonzal@ubiobio.cl
Received: March 18, 2016 Accepted: April 19, 2016 Published: April 22, 2016
Citation: González-Stäger MA, Rodríguez-Fernández A (2016) Overnutrition in Adolescents Born Preterm. J Obes Weight Loss Ther 6:306. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000306
Copyright: © 2016 González-Stäger MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Introduction: Children born preterm are at higher risk of overnutrition in adolescence, which is manifested by increased body mass index-for-age (BMI-for-age) and increased abdominal fat mass leading to the risk of noncommunicable chronic diseases. Objectives: The aim of this research was to study how prematurity influences overnutrition in a cohort of adolescents born preterm. Methods: The study included 91 adolescents born preterm (ABP) from a cohort and a control group of 91 adolescents born at term (ABT). Body mass index and fat mass were determined for all the subjects. Results: The follow-up of BMI-for-age of the children born preterm showed that the highest proportion of overnutrition was found in the first year (65%) and in adolescence (33%). At this age, no differences were found between the ABP and ABT. Body fat of the ABP was higher than for the ABT (p ≤ 0.01). Both groups’ waist circumference was higher than the normal value at this age. The ratio between BMI and the percentage of fat between ABT and ABP boys was significant at p=0.003. Conclusions: Both ABP and ABT groups had excess weight, which could be due to the fact they grew up in the same environment that promotes unhealthy lifestyles. The ABP boys had excess fat mass leading to the risk of noncommunicable chronic diseases in adulthood.

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