Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Reach Us +447482874092


Physical Therapy Examination for Patients with Cervicogenic Dizziness | OMICS International | Abstract

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Physical Therapy Examination for Patients with Cervicogenic Dizziness

Amer Al-Saif1*, Hani Al-Nakhli2and Samira Alsenany3
1Assistant Professor in Physical Therapy, Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Applied Medical sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Samira Alsenany, PhD, Assistant Professor in Gerontology, Nursing Department, Faculty of Applied Medical science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3Hani Al-Nakhli, Physical Therapy Senior-Specialist, Womens and Maternity Hospital, Al-Madinah Al-Munnawarah, KSA
Corresponding Author : Amer Al Saif
Assistant Professor in Physical Therapy
Physical Therapy Department
Faculty of Applied Medical sciences
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Tel: +966543064111
Received April 15, 2013; Accepted May 30, 2013; Published June 02, 2013
Citation: Al-Saif A, Al-Nakhli H, Alsenany S (2013) Physical Therapy Examination for Patients with Cervicogenic Dizziness. J Nov Physiother 3:149. doi:10.4172/2165-7025.1000149
Copyright: © 2013 Al-Saif A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Dizzinessis a common symptom resulting from a variety of medical conditions. An emerging area of physical therapy practice is the management of patients with cervicogenic dizziness. Patients with cervicogenic dizziness typically describe a vague sense of impaired orientation or disequilibrium that is exacerbated by neck pain. There is frequently a past medical history of cervical spine trauma, such as a whiplash associated disorder, and the physical examination often reveals orthopedic problems in the upper cervical spine causing mechanical compression of the vertebral artery network, irritation of the cervical sympathetic nervous system, and/or impaired upper cervical spine proprioception. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the etiology of cervicogenic dizziness and provide a brief overview of the physical therapy examination and intervention process. There is a growing body of evidence supporting the pathophysiology and physical therapy management of patients with CGD (Cervicogenic Dizziness); however, it is still not widely adopted in clinical practice. Cervicogenic dizziness is often the result of a sensory mismatch between the vestibular, somatosensory, and visual afferent inputs. Physical trauma involving the cervical spine, such as whiplash injury, is a common mechanism of injury in CGD patients. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the etiology of cervicogenic dizziness, describe the proposed pathophysiology, and introduce the physical therapy examination and intervention process for patients with CGD. In order to determine the origin of the patient’s dizziness, the physical therapist must conduct thorough subjective and physical examinations to rule out all competing causes of dizziness. The patient history may include physical trauma involving the head and neck and cervical spine postural faults, which are commonly observed. Therefore, treating neck pain among this group of patients is one of the main objectives for physical therapists. Intervention strategies may include: (1) orthopedic manual techniques specific to the cervical spine region, (2) head and neck proprioceptive rehabilitation program, and (3) cervical-ocular motor exercises cervical spine proprioception impairments can be treated with a specific proprioceptive rehabilitation program. The program can be progressed by doing active head movements rather than passive head movements. In conclusion, physical therapy intervention has been shown to be effective in reducing CGD symptoms.