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Prevalence of the Surface Antigen of Hepatitis B Virus among Youth Aged 15 to 24 in TOGO in 2010 | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Research Article

Prevalence of the Surface Antigen of Hepatitis B Virus among Youth Aged 15 to 24 in TOGO in 2010

Banla AK1*, Gani KT1, Halatoko WA1, Layibo Y1, Akolly K1, Maman I1, Tamekloe TA2, Fétéké L3,4,5, Vovor A1,4,5 and Pitche P4,5
1Department of Virology, Institut National d’Hygiène, Lomé,Togo
2Department of Virology, Division de l’Epidémiologie, Lomé, Togo
3Department of Microbiology, Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine, Lomé, Togo
4Department of Virology, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Université de Lomé-Togo, Lomé, Togo
5Department of Virology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sylvanus Olympio, Lomé, Togo
Corresponding Author : Abiba Kere Banla
Department of Virology
National Institute of Hygiene of Lomé, Togo
BP 1396 Lomé Togo
Tel: 0022890013030
Received: July 4, 2015; Accepted: September 15, 2015; Published: September 24, 2015
Citation: Banla AK, Gani KT, Halatoko WA, Layibo Y, Akolly K, et al. (2015) Prevalence of the Surface Antigen of Hepatitis B Virus among Youth Aged 15 to 24 in TOGO in 2010. J Infect Dis Ther Infectious Diseases 3:238. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000238
Copyright: © 2015 Banla, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: In Togo, no overall prevalence of hepatitis B has been previously estimated and yet it is a country located in an area of high transmission of this virus. The objective of this study was to document the prevalence of HBs antigen among youth aged 15 to 24 in Togo in 2010 and its associated factors. Method: This was a cross sectional study, conducted in 2010. It covers a serum bank samples of 2,101 obtained in the framework of a national survey on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among subjects of both sexes aged 15 to 24 years. We collected socio-demographic data such as age, sex, location and area of residence, marital status and educational level. The HBs antigen screening was made by the 4th generation, "sandwich" type of ELISA test. Results: A total of 2,101 young people aged 15 to 24 were included. The average age of respondents was 19.4 ± 2.8 years and the sex ratio was 0.9. The majority of respondents were single (78%). The prevalence of HBs Ag was 16.4%. It varied significantly with gender, marital status, place and region of residence. The male (19.2%) were more infected than females (13.9%). The central region was the most affected (27.7%), followed by Savanna (23.1%) and Kara (23.0%). Young people in rural areas (18.3%) were more infected than those in urban areas (14.9%). Conclusion: This study shows a high prevalence of HBV among young people aged 15 to 24 years especially among those living in rural areas and in the northern regions of the country. This should encourage the strengthening of preventive action including vaccination in those areas.