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Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Post Menopausal Women and Associated Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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Research Article

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Post Menopausal Women and Associated Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk

Harshdeep Joshi1, Afrozul Haq2*, Rambha Pathak1, Prabhaker Mishra1, Mukherjee AK1, Jagjeet Singh1, Fatme Al Anouti3 and Jaishen Rajah4
1Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markendeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala, India
2Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE
3Department of Natural Science & Public Health, Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, UAE
4Institute of Pediatrics, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Corresponding Author : Afrozul Haq
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Sheikh Khalifa Medical City
Abu Dhabi, UAE
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 19, 2013; Accepted September 11, 2013; Published September 13, 2013
Citation: Joshi H, Haq A, Pathak R, Mishra P, Mukherjee AK, et al (2013) Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Post Menopausal Women and Associated Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk. J Obes Weight Loss Ther 3:192. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000192
Copyright: © 2013 Joshi H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Background: Vitamin D popularly known as sunshine vitamin is both vital and indispensable for human beings. It caters to skeletal as well as non skeletal needs of the body. Evidence is increasing that the vitamin D endocrine system is also linked to obesity. Obesity has been found to be associated with lower levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Underlying causes could be less sun exposure in obese people due to their limited mobility and high storage in adipose tissue. Aims and objectives: The study was conducted with the objective of determining prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among postmenopausal women, it’s association with obesity and cardiovascular risk. Materials and methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted in a Tertiary Care Unit of Jammu and Kashmir state, India from July 2012 to December 2012 among 250 post menopausal women between age group of 45 to 70 years. Self designed semi structured questionnaire was used to assess dietary pattern, clothing practices and extent of exposure to sun. BMI was recorded to assess obesity and triglyceride level along with cholesterol was determined to assess cardiovascular risk. Vitamin D level was assessed via investigating 25(OH)D by using Roche electrochemiluminescence. Results: Out of 250 postmenopausal women vitamin D deficiency was prevalent among 80% of study subjects, 14.8% had insufficiency and 5% had optimum vitamin D level. Study subjects between age group of 51 to 55 of Jammu and Kashmir had BMI ranging between 26.7 ± 6.1 and 29.50 ± 6.1 respectively An important finding in this study is that high BMI is significantly associated with low vitamin D level p≤0.02. Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is an alarming issue among postmenopausal women in India. Encouraging women to adhere to healthy lifestyles and maintain optimum BMI is indispensable to achieve optimum vitamin D level.


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