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ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Research Article

Characterization of Yellow Pigments Produced by Pencillium sp. under Solid State Cultivation

Supreet Kaur*, Nidhi Arora and Sawinder Kaur

Department of Biotechnology, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India

Corresponding Author:
Kaur S
Department of Biotechnology
Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India
Tel: +9781427507
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 13, 2017; Accepted date: May 25, 2017; Published date: June 02, 2017

Citation: Kaur S, Arora N, Kaur S (2017) Characterization of Yellow Pigments Produced by Pencillium sp. under Solid State Cultivation. J Biotechnol Biomater 7:259. doi:10.4172/2155-952X.1000259

Copyright: © 2017 Kaur S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Solid state fermentation was carried out for the production of pigments by using agricultural wastes. Yellow pigments were produced; the absorbance maxima of Pigment extract was measured by spectral analysis. Out of these agricultural wastes broken wheat (0.996 OD) was best for the pigment production. The maximum pigment yield (137.8 U/g) was seen at 12th day. The study revealed that the addition of nitrogen source improves the metabolic activity of the organism. Monosodium glutamate and ammonium nitrate improved the growth than other supplements. Various parameters were optimized to check the pigment stability. Pigments showed high stability at low temperatures (30-60°C) and become low at high temperature (above 60°C) and high stability at near-neutrality pH values (8.0) when compared to acidic pH values (4.0-6.0). FTIR analysis was performed to determine the chemical bonds in a molecule by infrared absorption spectra of Pigments. IR indicated that it is a phenolic compound and has broad stretching OH, C=C and C-H groups of the aromatic ring. It can be concluded that the microbial pigment produced can find application in the areas of textile, pharmaceuticals and food industries.

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