Psychrozymes- The Next Generation Industrial Enzymes
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. K.R.S. Sambasiva Rao
Department of Biotechnology
Acharya Nagarjuna University
Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur- 522510
Andhra Pradesh, India
Tel: +91 9440869477
E-mail: [email protected]
Accepted date April 26, 2011; Published date April 29, 2011
Citation: Pulicherla KK, Ghosh M, Kumar PS, Sambasiva Rao KRS (2011) Psychrozymes- The Next Generation Industrial Enzymes. J Marine Sci Res Development 1:102. doi:10.4172/2155-9910.1000102
Copyright: © 2011 Pulicherla KK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The earth is dominated by low-temperature environments. Over 80% of the earth’s biosphere is cold, and about 90% of the oceans are colder than 5°C. This cold marine environment is characterized by challenging conditions for the survival of native microorganisms and are classified as psychrophilic or psychrotolerant organisms. The biocatalysts, produced by these microorganisms are called as cold adapted enzymes, function under extreme cold condition and display a high specificity. It is associated with a relatively extreme stability provides new opportunities for the potential application of these cold adapted enzymes in various industrials processes. The main objective of current review is to discuss the sources, possible industrial applications and current scenario of the cold adapted enzymes.