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Response of Rice under Salinity Stress: A Review Update | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4338

Rice Research: Open Access
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Research Article

Response of Rice under Salinity Stress: A Review Update

Bhaswati Ghosh, Nasim Ali Md* and Saikat Gantait

Faculty Centre for Integrated Rural Development and Management, School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Narendrapur, Kolkata 700103, India

Corresponding Author:
Nasim Ali Md
Faculty Centre for Integrated Rural Development and Management
School of Agriculture and Rural Development
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University
Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Narendrapur, Kolkata700103, India
Tel: +91-9831941312
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 07, 2016; Accepted date: March 24, 2016; Published date: March 26, 2016

Citation: Ghosh B, Ali Md N, Saikat G (2016) Response of Rice under Salinity Stress: A Review Update. J Res Rice 4:167. doi: 10.4172/2375-4338.1000167

Copyright: © 2016 Ghosh B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Salinity has been a key abiotic constraint devastating crop production worldwide. Attempts in understanding salt tolerance mechanisms has revealed several key enzymes and altered biochemical pathways inferring resistance to crop plants against salt stress. The past decades have witnessed extensive research in development of salt tolerant cultivars via conventional means, improvised by modern era molecular tools and techniques. Rice (Oryza sativa L) is the staple food crop across several countries worldwide. Being a glycophyte by nature, its growth is severely imparted in presence of excess salt. Rice is susceptible to salinity specifically at the early vegetative and later reproductive stages and the response of the crop to excessive salt toxicity at biochemical and molecular level as well as physiological level is well studied and documented. An understanding of the specific response of rice to ion accumulation at the toxic level can aid in identifying the key factors responsible for retarded growth and limited production of rice with the future scope of mitigating the same. The present review summarizes the differential responses of rice, in particular, to salt toxicity enumerating the detailed morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular changes occurring in the plant. An attempt to explain salinity tolerance and its future scope and implications in screening for salt tolerance has also been elucidated in the present study.

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