alexa Return to Sport after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Literature Review
ISSN: 2165-7025

Journal of Novel Physiotherapies
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Review Article

Return to Sport after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Literature Review

Kyritsis P1* and Witvrouw E2
1 Sports Rehabilitator, Aspetar-Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Qatar
2 Department of Physical Therapy and Motor Rehabilitation, Belgium
Corresponding Author : Kyritsis P
Sports Rehabilitator
Aspetar-Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Qatar
Tel: +(974)44132000
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 26, 2013; Accepted January 08, 2014; Published January 17, 2014
Citation: Kyritsis P, Witvrouw E (2014) Return to Sport after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Literature Review. J Nov Physiother 4:193. doi: 10.4172/2165-7025.1000193
Copyright: © 2014 Kyritsis P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed underthe terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries are very common in an athletic population. An ACL injury is a major injury, with a devastating effect on the athletes’ sports participation. The goal after an ACL surgery is to return to sport, and ideally to the same level of sports participation as prior to the injury. In the literature, reports of returning to competitive sports at the same pre-injury level are rather low and differ from 33 to 63%. General consensus exists that a successful return to sports relies heavily on the rehabilitation program. Today it is generally believed that muscle strength, neuromuscular control and fear of re-injury are critical factors for a successful return to sports and must be considered as imperative in the rehabilitation program. In this review, these parameters are described and based upon that, some criteria for a successful return to sport are provided. Indeed, research has proven that a good rehabilitation program, with demanding criteria can reduce the risk of re-injury, prepare the athlete to perform at the same pre-injury level and secure the safe transition of the player from physiotherapy to normal training. More research is needed in order to determine exact criteria for the return to sport. This evidently will lead to a higher percentage of successful return to sport.

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