Serum Lipid Profile Among Urban and Rural Bangladeshi Population | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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Research Article

Serum Lipid Profile Among Urban and Rural Bangladeshi Population

Sumon Kumar Das1, Abu Syed Golam Faruque1*, Shahnawaz Ahmed1, Ashish Kumar Chowdhury1, Anowar Hossain1, Dilruba Ahmed1, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti1, Mohammed Abdus Salam1, Tahmeed Ahmed1 and Abdullah Al Mamun2
1International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
2School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Corresponding Author : Abu Syed Golam Faruque
Centre for Nutrition and Food Security (CNFS)
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
Tel: +0088-017173141431
Fax: +880-2-9860704
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 31, 2012; Accepted September 24, 2012; Published September 26, 2012
Citation:Das SK, Golam Faruque AS, Ahmed S, Chowdhury AK, Hossain A, et al. (2012) Serum Lipid Profile Among Urban and Rural Bangladeshi Population. J Obes Wt Loss Ther 2:148.. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000148
Copyright: © 2012 Das SK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Background: There is lack of any evidence based comparative information of lipid profile level between urban and rural population in Bangladesh.
Methodology: Between April and September 2010; applying age stratified (every 5 years interval; 40 to 93 years) randomization technique, 132 individuals aged 40 years and above from the rural Mirzapur were enrolled. On the other hand, 396 (1:3 ratio) urban individuals of Dhaka, the capital city, within same age interval were randomly selected from a total of 3,179 individuals who attended the Clinical Laboratory of icddr, b in Dhaka to investigate their lipid profile, served as control group.
Results: Residents in urban area demonstrated significantly higher level of serum total cholesterol (TC) [rural (4.44 mmol/L) vs. urban (4.84 mmol/L); mean difference (95% CI) p value; -0.40 (-0.61, -0.18) <0.01], LDL cholesterol [2.74 vs. 3.00; -0.24 (-0.45, -0.04) 0.01], triglyceride (TG) [1.56 vs. 2.02; -0.45 (-0.65, -0.23) <0.01], TC:HDL [4.41 vs. 5.10; -0.64 (-0.91, -0.37)], and LDL:HDL [2.78 vs. 3.10; -0.31 (-0.53, -0.09)] compared to the rural population; however, serum HDL level [1.11 vs. 1.00; 0.11 (0.02, 0.21) 0.01], was found higher among rural population.
Conclusion: Findings of the study demonstrated significant higher levels of serum lipoprotein in urban than the rural population of Bangladesh.