Serum Lipid Profile Among Urban and Rural Bangladeshi Population
|Sumon Kumar Das1, Abu Syed Golam Faruque1*, Shahnawaz Ahmed1, Ashish Kumar Chowdhury1, Anowar Hossain1, Dilruba Ahmed1, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti1, Mohammed Abdus Salam1, Tahmeed Ahmed1 and Abdullah Al Mamun2|
|1International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh|
|2School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia|
|Corresponding Author :||Abu Syed Golam Faruque
Centre for Nutrition and Food Security (CNFS)
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
|Received July 31, 2012; Accepted September 24, 2012; Published September 26, 2012|
|Citation:Das SK, Golam Faruque AS, Ahmed S, Chowdhury AK, Hossain A, et al. (2012) Serum Lipid Profile Among Urban and Rural Bangladeshi Population. J Obes Wt Loss Ther 2:148.. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000148|
|Copyright: © 2012 Das SK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: There is lack of any evidence based comparative information of lipid profile level between urban and rural population in Bangladesh.
Methodology: Between April and September 2010; applying age stratified (every 5 years interval; 40 to 93 years) randomization technique, 132 individuals aged 40 years and above from the rural Mirzapur were enrolled. On the other hand, 396 (1:3 ratio) urban individuals of Dhaka, the capital city, within same age interval were randomly selected from a total of 3,179 individuals who attended the Clinical Laboratory of icddr, b in Dhaka to investigate their lipid profile, served as control group.
Results: Residents in urban area demonstrated significantly higher level of serum total cholesterol (TC) [rural (4.44 mmol/L) vs. urban (4.84 mmol/L); mean difference (95% CI) p value; -0.40 (-0.61, -0.18) <0.01], LDL cholesterol [2.74 vs. 3.00; -0.24 (-0.45, -0.04) 0.01], triglyceride (TG) [1.56 vs. 2.02; -0.45 (-0.65, -0.23) <0.01], TC:HDL [4.41 vs. 5.10; -0.64 (-0.91, -0.37)], and LDL:HDL [2.78 vs. 3.10; -0.31 (-0.53, -0.09)] compared to the rural population; however, serum HDL level [1.11 vs. 1.00; 0.11 (0.02, 0.21) 0.01], was found higher among rural population.
Conclusion: Findings of the study demonstrated significant higher levels of serum lipoprotein in urban than the rural population of Bangladesh.