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Socio-economic Determinants Factors of Overweight and Obesity among Saudi Children | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

Socio-economic Determinants Factors of Overweight and Obesity among Saudi Children

Nasser Alqahtani1*, Jane Scott1, Saad Alshahrani2 and Shahid Ullah1
1Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
2Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
Corresponding Author : Nasser Alqahtani
Flinders University, Adelaide
Riyadh PO Box 42248, Australia
Tel: +966530102200
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 30, 2014; Accepted: December 22, 2014; Published: December 29, 2014
Citation: Alqahtani N, Scott J, Alshahrani S, Ullah S (2014) Socio-economic Determinants Factors of Overweight and Obesity among Saudi Children. J Obes Weight Loss Ther 4:241. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.1000241
Copyright: © 2014 Alqahtani N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: In recent decades obesity has emerged as a serious health issue among adolescents in developed and developing countries. Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate relationship between Socio-economic Status (SES) and obesity among adolescents in both urban and rural areas of Saudi. Methodology: Cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011 using a multistage randomization method. It surveyed 1139 adolescents, 447 from rural areas and 692 from urban districts of Riyadh region in Saudi Arabia. Results: Male adolescents living in households which had a domestic driver were at a significantly higher risk of being obese in both the urban (p=0.02) and rural areas (p<0.001). Urban females living in a medium-income household are at the risks of overweight (p=0.02) and obesity (P<0.01). The risk of obesity was almost 11-times higher for females living in households which had a driver (p=0.01). Owning a computer was associated with an increased risk of overweight among urban adolescent females (p=0.01). Conclusion: Overweight and obesity now represent a national health crisis threatening adolescents in particular. An immediate action is indeed important to fight against this serious health issue among this age group.

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