Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Stalagmite Based High Resolution ?18O Record of Indian Summer Monsoon Activity in Lesser Himalaya during the late Holocene | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Stalagmite Based High Resolution ?18O Record of Indian Summer Monsoon Activity in Lesser Himalaya during the late Holocene

Waseem Raza1, Syed Masood Ahmad2*, Mahjoor Ahmad Lone3, Drona Srinivasa Sarma1, EVSSK Babu1 and Chuan-Chou Shen3
1CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India
2Department of Geography, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
3Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
*Corresponding Author: Syed Masood Ahmad, Department of Geography, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 30, 2019 / Accepted Date: Jan 23, 2020 / Published Date: Feb 01, 2020

Citation: Raza W, Ahmad SM, Lone MA, Sarma DS, Babu EVSSK, et al. (2020) Stalagmite Based High Resolution δ18O Record of Indian Summer Monsoon Activity in Lesser Himalaya during the late Holocene. J Earth Sci Clim Change 11:527

Copyright: © 2020 Raza W, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image


The oxygen isotopic (δ18O) records from speleothems, particularly stalagmites, provide very valuable information to reconstruct paleomonsoon history. Here we present a high-resolution record of Indian summer monsoon (ISM) precipitation for the 2,851 and 677 year BP using a U-Th dated stalagmite sample from lesser Himalayan cave. The stalagmite (BGR1) may have been developed under the isotopic equilibrium condition as revealed by its almost identical δ18O values of selected growth layers (Hendy test). X-ray diffraction analysis of BGR1 stalagmite shows predominance of calcite mineral. The δ18O values exhibit significant changes (ranging from -6.92 to -10.24‰ vs. VPDB) during the studied time interval. Based on our δ18O record, the climatic activity in lesser Himalaya can be categorized in two distinct phases, (a) a relatively dry period from 2,851 to 1,031 year BP and (b) a moderately wet period between 1,031 and 677 year BP. The spectral analysis of δ18O time series reveals a range of significant periodic components reflecting the control of solar activity on ISM variability.


Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 4072

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change received 4072 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change peer review process verified at publons
Indexed In
  • CAS Source Index (CASSI)
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Online Access to Research in the Environment (OARE)
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • JournalTOCs
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI)
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • Proquest Summons
  • SWB online catalog
  • Publons
  • Euro Pub
Share This Page