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Study on the Prevalence of Bovine Demodecosis and its Associated Risk Factors in and Around Bahir Dar, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9910

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
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Study on the Prevalence of Bovine Demodecosis and its Associated Risk Factors in and Around Bahir Dar, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia

Melessew Wubante2 and Mulat Asrat1*

1Bahir Dare Veterinary Regional Laboratory, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

2School of veterinary medicine, Wollo University, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Asrat M
Assistant professor of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology
Bahir Dare Veterinary Regional Laboratory, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Tel: +251912923170; E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 16, 2017; Accepted date: May 29, 2017; Published date: June 05, 2017

Citation: Wubante M, Asrat M (2017) Study on the Prevalence of Bovine Demodecosis and its Associated Risk Factors in and Around Bahir Dar, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. J Marine Sci Res Dev 7:1000231. doi:10.4172/2155-9910.1000231

Copyright: © 2017 Wubante M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2014 to April 2015 in Bahir Dar, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia to determine prevalence of bovine demodicosis. A total of 384 cattle of different groups of age, sex and breed were examined by taking deep skin scrapings. There was no statistically significant difference observed between two categories of breeds (p=0.938), though prevalence was lower in cross breeds (4.8%) than local breeds (5%). There was no statistically significant difference among three categories of age (P=0.430), with prevalence rate of 3.0%, 2.9% and 6.0% in less than one year, one to three year and greater than three years, respectively. The prevalence of demodicosis in female and male was, 5.9% and 3.9%, respectively, with statistically insignificant difference between them (P=0.369).Statically insignificant difference was also found between the two management systems (P=0.096), higher prevalence was observed on cattle managed under semi-intensive management system 7.5% than extensive ones 3.6% management systems. There was statistical significant variation detected among different site of infestation (P=0.027), the highest prevalence was found on shoulder 3.4% followed by neck, (0.8%), dew lap, fore limb and generalized (0.3%). In conclusion the overall prevalence (4.9%) of Demodex bovis infestation was recorded.

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