alexa The Effectiveness of a Partial Meal Replacement Program
ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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Research Article

The Effectiveness of a Partial Meal Replacement Program in Extremely Obese Individuals: A Systematic Retrospective Chart Review of Medifast Weight Control Centers

Jessica R. Kiel1*, Christopher D. Coleman1, Andrea H. Mitola2, Janice S. Langford1, Kevin N. Davis1 and Linda M. Arterburn1
1Department of Scientific and Clinical Affairs, Medifast, USA
2Independent Consultant, Clifton Park, USA
Corresponding Author : Jessica R. Kiel
Department of Scientific and Clinical Affairs
Medifast, Inc. 11445 Cronhill Drive
Owings Mills, MD, 21117, USA
Tel: 410-504-8164
Fax: 443-471-3341
E-mail: JKiel@choosemedifast.com
Received: July 13, 2015 Accepted: July 30, 2015 Published: July 31, 2015
Citation: Kiel JR, Coleman CD, Mitola AH, Langford JS, Davis KN, et al. (2015) The Effectiveness of a Partial Meal Replacement Program in Extremely Obese Individuals: A Systematic Retrospective Chart Review of Medifast Weight Control Centers. J Obes Weight Loss Ther S5:007. doi:10.4172/2165-7904.S5-007
Copyright: © 2015 Kiel JR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Background: Extreme obesity is associated with elevated risks of morbidities and mortality, and the prevalence of this condition has been rising. Lifestyle interventions are the cornerstone of all treatment options, yet relatively few studies have assessed the effectiveness of commercial programs for attaining clinically meaningful weight loss (≥ 5%) in this population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Medifast 5 & 2 & 2 Plan™ administered along with counseling in obese adults, a majority of whom were extremely obese. Methods: We conducted a systematic retrospective chart review of 62 obese clients from 17 Medifast Weight Control Centers® (MWCCs). Weight, body composition and cardiometabolic risk factor data were abstracted through 24 weeks. Data were recorded electronically, and key data points were independently verified. The primary endpoint was change from baseline body weight at 12 weeks, assessed using Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: The population consisted of 57% men, and 82% had a body mass index of ≥ 40 kg/m2. Mean body weight among completers was reduced by 12.9±7.1 kg (-8.6%, n=37) at the 12-week primary endpoint and by 19.3 ± 11.4 kg (12.5%, n=17) at 24 weeks (p<0.0001). At 12 and 24 weeks, 76% and 88% of those remaining on the plan, respectively, had lost ≥ 5% of their baseline body weight. Fat mass accounted for a majority (68-80%) of the weight lost, resulting in improvements in body composition. Significant improvements in blood pressure and central adiposity were also observed. Program adherence was >80%, and the meal plan was well-tolerated. Conclusions: The 5 & 2 & 2 Plan used at MWCCs was effective for achieving clinically meaningful weight loss and improving cardiometabolic risk factors in a population of extremely obese individuals. This lifestyle program represents a viable first line approach for meeting treatment goals in extremely obese adults. #NCT0215083.

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