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ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Research Article

Variation in to Neural Physiology and Anatomy Due to Diet Related Factors as a Possible Cause to Neurodegeneration

Kamala Govindaraju1, Jaya Gopalkrishna1, Jennifer Thankachan Thomas1, Nisha Narayan Moger1 and Maulishree Agrahari1,2*

1PES Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India

2University of Calgary, Canada

Corresponding Author:
Maulishree Agrahari
University of Calgary, Canada
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 08, 2012; Accepted date: June 25, 2012; Published date: June 27, 2012

Citation: Govindaraju K, Gopalkrishna J, Thomas JT, Moger NN, Agrahari M (2012) Variation in to Neural Physiology and Anatomy Due to Diet Related Factors as a Possible Cause to Neurodegeneration. J Biotechnol Biomater 2:141. doi:10.4172/2155-952X.1000141

Copyright: © 2012 Govindaraju K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Neurodegenerative disorders have been linked to an array of external factors ranging from atmospheric pollutants to diet related additives. In our study we have investigated BMAA a neurotoxin produced by cyanobacteria, which gets an easy entry into human food chain via sea food and water, Aluminium which is believed to be present more in bottled water in comparison to tap water; and MSG, a derivative of glutamate; extensively used as flavour enhancer. LD50 for the three chemicals used in this study were determined. Our results suggest that BMAA leads to a significant loss of long term memory, reduction in geotaxic response, and reduction in both, fertility and life span. Short term memory was not significantly affected by BMAA. Aluminium deposits caused loss of long and short term memory and reduction in geotaxic response. MSG caused reduction in short term memory. In combination with BMAA, MSG produced reduction in all the parameters. Dementia has a direct bearing on quality of life. Dementia can set in as early as 40 years of age in humans. This has been attributed to life-style and stress related factors. The present study establishes a direct cause and effect relationship between dementia, stress and diet. These effects are established when Drosophila melanogaster are treated with neurotoxins, singly or in combinations. Experiments are in progress to understand the mechanisms that underlie these processes.

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